Friday, August 9, 2019

Agriculture In Kenya: Everything You Need To Know

Agriculture in Kenya has greatly improved in the past few years because of the advent of technology
and other necessary infrastructures.

Initially, most Kenyan farmers merely engage in subsistence farming to provide food for
their family while very little is made available in the market.

Growth in agricultural output has no doubt been on the rise as
farmer are stepping away from subsistence agriculture and embracing modern civilization – investing in
large scale farming and ultimately increasing agricultural products

Agriculture in Kenya (Crop Farming)

The Kenyan soil and climatic condition is very suitable for the production of wide verities of crops,
there are over a hundred different food crops produced by farmers in Kenya on yearly basis which includes yam, maize, millet, sorghum, beans,
potatoes, rice, onions garbage, carrot, pear, cocoa, cocoa yam, okra, vegetables and very many others

Kenya is one of the world's number 1 producer of crops, this means that crop farming has taken the center stage in Kenya
and contributes over 45 percent of Kenyan agricultural GDP.

Agriculture in Kenya contributes merely about 20 percent of
the Nigeria total GDP, trailing behind other revenue generators which is the major Nigerian domestic produce.

Although Kenya depends heavily on the economic industry for its budgetary revenue it is believed that if the
agricultural sector in Kenya is properly managed and enhanced, it would greatly boost the country’s gross domestic product and even replace oil
on the top of the list, considering the vast area of land that is unused in Kenya.

Much of this land was farmed under the bush fallow
system, a process whereby land is left idle for a period of time to allow natural regeneration of soil fertility and replacement of
soil nutrient.

It is believed that the agricultural sector is one of Kenyans potential source of revenue that is yet
underdeveloped and unexplored.

Agriculture In Nigeria (Animal Rearing)

Agricultural practices in Kenya also include the rearing of animals for meat production and
animals that serves as beast of burden – aides in the transportation of goods and man.

Livestock farming is a very important aspect of agriculture in Kenya, the Kenyan community depend mostly on
meat from cows and chicken. Meat in Kenya is an important part of the
Foods in Kenya,
it suitable to say that Kenyans don’t cook foods without meat or fish.

the kind of animals reared in Kenya includes – Cow, Goat, Sheep, Cattle, Pig, Horse and several others
while poultry birds includes
chicken, turkey, duck, pigeons and others

Problems of Agriculture in Kenya

Agriculture in Kenya could use a little push at strategic points if success is to be achieved, there is a need for the following

1. Education For Farmers:

Most farmer in Kenya who engage in subsistence agriculture have very little
knowledge of the operational method of the improved agricultural system.

2. Provision Of Basic Tools:

If farmers in Kenya are provided with the necessary tool and adequate resources,
there would be gross improvement in the Kenyan agricultural sector;
the land would be properly utilized and this would greatly reduce the high level of food stuff importation and ultimately increase employment rate.

There are lots of problem hampering the production of food crops in Kenya and rearing of animals, chiefly among
them is electricity. Over 40 percent of Kenya perishable goods get spoilt after harvest due to the lack of electricity
needed for the storage and processing.

3. Electricity:

for the running of large farm equipment, most Kenyan farmer simply chose to stick with manual labor as the
cost of running machines with alternative
source of power is often steep.

Another problem facing agriculture in Kenya is the lack of good roads needed for the transportation of harvested crops
from the farm land to the main roads, most farms in Kenya are located about a mile away from the main road and the
only entrance to these farms are mostly a path beaten by the foot of men.

Kenyan Farmers also encounter the problems of funds needed for running a farm and construction of farm houses and
proper storage system.

Importance Of Agriculture In Kenya

If the government of Kenya and the ministry of agriculture would intervene in solving the problems of farmers in Kenya,
it is believed that in the years to come the Kenya would witness a gross decrease in the importation of food stuffs and animals. With good
planning and the needed resources, Kenya has what it takes to multiply her GDP just with Agricultural. products alone.
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