Requirement To Start Cabbage Farming In Kenya

Cabbage farming in Kenya is not yet very popular  because of the belief that it will not do well except in a place like certain parts.

But quite recently a group of aggressive farmers have come out to prove this notion wrong.




There are few farmers that have actually experimented on it and have proven it to be true, cabbage farming can be planted anywhere in Kenya with optimum success.

Cabbage is a leafy vegetable from the family of Brassica. It is the head that is mostly eaten while the leaves are either cut out (dispose), use for compost manure, use in the feeding of animals etc. It grows better in a cool moist environment; the temperature is between 55-60 F. They are some species that accepts temperature within 20-25F.

In Kenya, for you to find out or know exactly if cabbage consumption is high, is during festive periods such Christmas, Sallah etc.

Cabbage is mostly used in salad preparation, food decoration, vegetables for soup/pottage and can as well be eaten raw. It contains calcium which is very good for human health. They are very helpful in the development of snails.

How To Start Cabbage Farming In Kenya

In this article we shall be looking at the kind of soil good for cabbage farming in Kenya, when to irrigate, pest and disease control, weeding, harvesting and marketability.

Techniques Of Cabbage Farming In Kenya

1. Chose sandy-loam soil rich in organic matter.

2. Plant when the weather is favourable mostly during raining season.

3. First of all plant them in a nursery before transferring to the main field.

4. Use a very good variety as this can make or break your success.

5. At best plant hybrid cabbage for better yield, quick maturity and disease/pest resistance.

6. Apply fertilizer at every stage of their development, organic manure is preferable.

7. Harvest early to avoid yellowing or botching of the leaves

Land Preparation

Cabbage can be grow on any soil but a well compost sandy-loam is preferable for their utmost performance. Get a land and clear it from every weed and shrub that are not needed.

Use tractor to loosen the land (for a large farm, otherwise shovel can be used on a small farm) if the soil is very hard it can be ploughed for about 3 times during the third ploughing animal dung should be added to the soil in readiness for planting.

Prepare bed for the seedlings by missing equal amount of soil with the organic manure to be used.

Planting The Cabbage

Dig a hole of 2-3cm deep and insert 2 seeds inside and cover lightly. You can use nursery bags, sack bags and surface rubbers in raising the seedlings. Transplant the seedlings to the main field you are using for cabbage after 3-4 weeks. They should be 14-16cm high at this time or when they show 4-5 leaves.

The spacing should be 45cm apart and the rows 45-60cm apart. Their spacing also depends on the type of variety you are planting.

Early cabbage takes 50-70 days, mid-season cabbage takes 70-90 days while late season takes 90-125 days.

Prior to when you should plant the crop, water the beds vigorously to ensure that, there is enough moisture in the soil to establish the plant.

Transplant the seedlings in the evening or when the weather is cold in other to prevent them from scotch and shock from the heat.

The soil P.H should be between 6.5-7.5. Cabbage seed takes about 5-17 days to germinate, the germination days varies for different varieties.

Irrigation And Mulching Of The Cabbage Farm

Irrigation should be done on a regular basis as cabbage requires a minimum of 3.8cm of water on a weekly basis. Drip irrigation is highly recommended. Cabbage cannot withstand drought so if you cannot water the farm especially during shortage of rain or during dry season don’t bother starting cabbage farming in Kenya at all.

During the time of intense heat water them morning and evening every day. But you can select days to water them during raining season except it rains every day. When the plants are matured you stop watering in other to prevent botching.

Use compost to mulch the farm in other to keep the soil moist and to avoid excessive loss of water. It will also help in weed control and in the addition of nutrients to the soil.

Fertilizer Application

Cabbage plants are heavy feeders just like garden egg and onions as such manure should be applied at every stage of their development while being careful on the kind of manure to apply in those stages.

The first manure you applied during soil preparation should be heavy (plenty). After 3 weeks of transplanting you apply and also apply again when the start bringing out new leaves.

Finally, apply manure when the start developing heads so that they can form well such that will carry them until harvest. The manure to apply at this time should have more of potassium because they are good in plant formations.

Pests And Disease Of Cabbage

The commonest pests are cabbage white, flea beetles, maggots, imported cabbage worms, loopers etc.

While the commonest diseases are Fusarium yellows, club root, black speck, rot; fungal disease that builds in the soil.

Solution To Control Cabbage Pests And Disease

Plant resistant variety and practice crop rotation.Splitting; this can occur after heavy down pour or when irrigation is done immediately after serious stress from drought. To salvage the situation cut some of the roots from one side about 25cm into the soil from the base of the plant using a spade.

Another reason for splitting is when they are overcrowded, so, by all means, give good spacing to the plant.

Varieties Of Cabbage In Kenya

We have the early season varieties, mid-season varieties and the late season varieties.

Most importantly are the hybrid varieties such as Thai cabbage, F1 cabbage from Technism etc. They can be harvested in a shorter time some 2 months or so, can withstand harsh conditions and can resist some diseases like the Fusarium etc.

Others Are:

Kaitlin; it forms smallish green heads.
Danish ball head; it is for all-purpose
Storage No. H; it has beautiful deep green heads.
Chinese (Napa) cabbage 50-70 days
Speciality cabbage etc.

They all need a good amount of sunlight to grow, at least 6 hours in a day. Cabbage can be planted alongside cucumbers, beans, carrot but not with cauliflower, strawberries, broccoli or tomatoes.

Harvesting Of Your Cabbage

Cabbage is harvested when they are fully matured in other to stay longer in storage. They are not like pepper, eggplant and tomatoes that can be harvested before fully attaining formation. It is ready for harvest in about 2-5 months. The yield will depend on variety but a hectare can yield 70-80 tonnes or more if all agronomic conditions are fully applied.

Harvest them when the heads are fully matured and firm. Or when the heads are closed up and the leaves wrapped around them are still in good shape.

You can press the fruit with your hands to know if it is strong; a loose and soft head is yet to mature. If you allow the leaves to become yellowish or blotch it can’t stay long in the storage.

Use a knife to cut the head from the base of the plant and leave about 3 leaves that will help protect the head from bruises, abrasions or damage of any kind.

The remaining stem in the soil will continue developing while you keep on harvesting them just like in lettuce and waterleaf.

Wash them after harvest in other to remove insects and dirt before putting them away for storage.

Marketing The Cabbage In Kenya

Locate market men and women and sell to them. Let people around you know that you are into cabbage farming and you will see them coming down on their own to buy.

Sell to salad shops, supermarkets and shopping malls that are into foodstuff selling, hotels, restaurants etc.

Why You Should Venture Into Cabbage Farming In Kenya

1.It is very easy to plant and manage

2. It does not require huge capital to start, it can be planted anywhere; in the garden, backyard and in the field

3.You can lease land to cultivate them since it can be harvested within a year, you can then source for another place.

4. The demand for cabbage is high as such there is need to breach the gap

5. People are not many that are into farming cabbage for a commercial purpose.

6. cabbage farming In Kenya is highly profitable and lucrative. It is sold at a higher price than any other vegetable.

These are the step by step guide on how to start cabbage farming In Kenya, Drop Your Questions In The Comment Section Below.
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How To Start Strawberry Farming In Kenya: Everything You Need To Know

Strawberry farming in Kenya is currently an untapped goldmine that few farmers and agribusiness investors are aware of. Although strawberry farming is not popular in Kenya the major set back is the poor knowledge of the farming process in Kenya. Many Kenyan farmers have no idea of how to cultivate strawberries for cash.



The purpose of this article is to help provide you with the needed information and guidance on how to succesfully start strawberry farming in Kenya.

Every bit of information about strawberry farming will be provided you via this article so continue reading.

In Kenya, starting strawberry farming business requires experience, and capital. You have to understand that it is not a walk in the park; therefore you need to be prepare.

Business Opportunities in Strawberry Farming In Kenya

The consumption of strawberries has been on the increase in Kenya unlike what we have seen in time past. Strawberry farming is gradually getting the attention needed to make it a very popular agribusiness venture. The strawberry fruit is greatly loved for its unique aroma, bright red color, juice texture, and sweetener. It can be consumed raw and fresh or as juice, pies, ice creams, milkshakes, and chocolates.

The artificial strawberry flavoring is also used as a component of lip gloss, candy, perfume, and lots of other things. This tells you that the value chain in strawberry farming in Kenya has huge profit potential in it. On the average, one kilogram of strawberry cost about ksh1000 and each packaged carton can weigh up to 5-6 kg.

Requirements for Starting Your Strawberry Farming in Kenya

Strawberry farming in Kenya is not something you can without a good plan. There are certain things you need to put in place if you want to be successful in your strawberry farming business. Below are the major things you need to have in place before starting your strawberry farming business:

1. Business Plan

The number one requirement before starting your strawberry farming business in Kenya is a well-detailed business plan. You stand a better chance to be successful in this agribusiness venture if you have a plan in hand. There is need for a marketing strategy, SWOT analysis, market survey, financial projections, and lots more. Your strawberry business plan is a guide that will help you position the business in good light.

The business plan will also improve your chances of accessing government loans or investors. Without a good business plan, there is no right thinking business investor that will consider your business.

2. Land Location

Land is another important requirement for starting your strawberry farming business. When selecting the land for your strawberry farming in Kenya, make sure it is accessible to a good water source. Good and proper irrigation system assures improved productivity of your strawberry fruits. You also need to make sure that the land has adequate exposure to sunlight. This is because strawberries need about 6-8 hours of sunlight daily.

The land needs to be properly tilled and cleared for the cultivation of your strawberry fruits.

Variety Of Strawberry To Plant In Kenya

These strawberry varieties are the most popular strawberries sold in Kenya.

1. Honeoye
2. Earliglow
3. Allstar
4. Ozark Beauty
5. Chandler
6. Jewel
7. Seascape
8. Tristar
9. Sparkle
10. Surecrop

But then, there are two major varieties of strawberry fruits you can grow in Kenya. Before starting your strawberry farming in Kenya you need to decide on a particular variety to cultivate in your farm. We have the June-bearing variety as well as the ever-bearing variety. Both varieties are capable of giving you a good profit in your strawberry farming business.

You need to make sure you purchased a disease resistant variety from a reputable nursery. The planting hole should be deep and wide enough to accommodate the whole root system without bending it. Once you have planted the strawberry, ensure the root is covered while the crown should be at the soil surface.

When considering how to grow strawberries in Kenya, you can see that it is very easy to do. Ensure that you don’t plant in lands that were previously cultivated with tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, and potatoes.

Strawberry planting spacing should be 30cm apart between the rows. You can make use of the runners from the parent plant as seeds for another planting season. There is no need to buy another seedling once you have cultivated your first plot of land.

How To Care For Your Strawberry Vines

Irrigation is very important for optimal growth and development of strawberry fruits due to the shallow roots. During your strawberry farming in Kenya, you need to water very well once the runners and flowers start to develop. Once the plants have attained maturation, then you must reduce your irrigation process.

It is very important that you mulch the beds in order to reduce water loss and weed proliferation. You should weed with your hand during the first months of planting your strawberries.

Harvesting Your Strawberries

It is very important for you to harvest your ripe strawberry fruits as soon as possible. The strawberry fruits attain maturation and are ripe for harvest as soon as they turn red.

You can harvest the same plant for up to 2 years. During storage, you need to ensure that the strawberries are not stacked to a height of five inches. This prevents damaging the fruits at the bottom of the pile.

You can see that strawberry farming in Kenya is very viable. All you need to do is get the proper knowledge to set up your farm in a favorable location in Kenya.

If you have any questions regarding strawberry farming in Nigeria, kindly drop it in the comment section below.
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How To Start Goat Farming In Kenya (Best Guide)

Goat farming in Kenya is a good agricultural business, they are less expensive than cattle to maintain and can bring you lots of money if you know your markets very well.



They are highly strong resistant animals that can withstand any climate. Since they are ruminants like cattle, the feed mostly on roughages examples are grasses, brouse plant, and fodder plants. A full market size goat can be sold from ksh20,000 and above.

This, however, depends on your location and festive seasons. Goats reproduce twin or triplets twice a year which is good for business.

Therefore if you are looking for an animal rearing business in Kenya which can fetch you good cash without much stress, then take a look at Goat Farming.

Goats are mainly reared for meat, milk and hide and skin. The milk from the goat is the richest of all milk produced. Breeds of goats that can be found include:

1. Nnadi
2.  Angora
3. west African long-legged goat
4. West African dwarf goat
5. Bantu anglo-nubian
6. Alphine
7. Toggenburg
8. Nubian
9. Boer

Cost Of Starting A Goat Farm In Kenya?

Compared to rearing other livestock, goat farming business requires little or less capital .

You don’t need millions of Kenyan shillings to set up a goat farm, unless if you want to make it larger. But nevertheless , you can set up your goat farming business with not so much amount.

Just bear in mind that you are setting up a commercial goat farming. When you’re in the business, as profits flows in, you can then put in more goats.

Common Terms Used In Goat Farming In Kenya                    
A. Buck (Billy) – Adult male goat

B. Doe (Nanny) – Adult female goat

C. Wether – A castrated male goat

D. Chevon – Meat of goat

Benefits Of Goat Farming In Kenya:

1. Used for meat production;
2. Used for skin production
3. Used for milk production
4. Creates employment
5. Serves as an income generation

Thing To Consider Vefore Venturing Into Goat Farming In Kenya

1. The Management of Goat:

Management is very important. The management of goat from breeding to market weight or size is grouped into three phases these are;

2. Breeding:

Buck and doe are meant for breeding, they are kept in a building which is well ventilated. The buck and doe should be at least 12 months of age before they are used for breeding. Seven to 10 days before mating, the doe should be given a high plane of nutrition in order to increase the number of eggs ovulated, and consequently, increase the number of kids to be given birth to.

3. Kidding To Weaning:

When the kid is born the mucus membrane should is wiped off from their nose to enhance normal breathing and prevent suffocation. The navel cord which can break off on its own is dipped into iodine solution to prevent infection and promote fast healing. The kids where possible should be helped to suck colostrum produced from the doe for the first three days after birth.

Weaning To Finishing:

The kids are weaned and separated from the doe about eight weeks of age. They are kept in the growing house from where they can go out to browse and graze on grasses and legumes. With housing, feeding and proper healthcare, the goat will be matured for the market.

System of Goat Farming In Kenya

You need to decide on the rearing system; they are three major systems

1. Extensive system:

Under this system, the goat is allowed to roam about in search of pasture and water. A goat can thrive on any edible material and browses even in extreme condition of drought and rain.

2. Semi-intensive system:

Under this system, goats are provided with the house which protects them against adverse weather conditions like heat, cold, rain etc.

3. Intensive System:

Under this system, goats are confined within the stall in a building with limited access to grazing. Grasses, water, medications are supplied daily to the goats.

How To Start A Goat Farming Business In Kenya

1. Set Your Goat Farming Business Plan:

 A good business should have a business plan. These assist you to pinpoint things you should do to improve your goat farm. Alongside, you should have record keeping if need maybe, it should document what has been sold, purchased. To know when you are gaining or losing.

2. Make Your Research:

When setting up your goat rearing business, you should determine the main reason why you are rearing goat; are you rearing them for meat, for milk, or for their skin?

Make a market research of the one that has a high demand and will also profit you more and go into it.

3. Location Of The Goat Farm:

When you want to get a land for your goat farming, select a location that is good for pasture or grazing.

Make sure the land is not far from town or market for easy access. If possible, let there be a market near the farm land, so you can have easy access to get any types of equipments you might need.

4. Housing;

When building a pen for your goat, build one that will shed them from rain and the sun. You can put electricity if need may be. The shed should be well fenced to prevent thief and burglaries.

Also, the pen should be clean, should be free from dampness and well it should be well ventilated.

The goat pens should also be free from pest and rodents. You should always use fresh hay or straw for bedding. Initiate activities like introducing toys or so your goats can move around. This also helps in making them healthy and active.

5. Feeding:

If you want a healthy goat, you need to give it quality feed, goats mainly feed on roughages that is grasses, bruise plants and fodder plants.

6. Health Care And Sanitation Of The Goats

Proper routine measures should be done for the healthy living of the goats. The stalls and pens of the goat should be cleaned regularly.

Common diseases: anthrax, brucellosis, tuberculosis, rinderpest and red water fever. Drugs and vaccine should be administered at the appropriate time to prevent the outbreak of these diseases.

7. Employ Assistants:

Goat farming on a large scale cannot be looked by one person alone, employ people to help in the management if need be.

8. Always Visit a Vertinary:

In the event of the goats being sick, a veterinary doctor can always be of great help.

With the help of a veterinary, you will know the right nutrient, mineral or medicine that will be administered to your goat that will maximum your profit and also you can learn new tips from them.

If you want to do it yourself be cautioned that you might lose quite a number of goats in the process.

9. Goats Maturation:

This is the process of goats becoming mature. In goat, puberty age is between six and 12 month, some breeds maybe more than or maybe less.

Sometimes, nutrients can also contribute to this. You should note that female goats (doe) go into estrus every 21 days for three to 50 hours.

At this stage, some enough natural mating can begin. But since the advance of technology, some modern farmers practices artificial insemination. It is said that it allocates straight forward entrance to a wide variety of bloodlines.

10. Marketing Your Goats:

Before you fully start your own goat farming in Kenya, you should make a market research to know how much others are selling in the market so you’ll have a better understanding of goat business in your area and so that you won’t sell your goat below the market price.

These are everything you need to know on how to start a profitable goat farming business in Kenya, if you have a question kindly drop it in the comment section below.
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How To Start Passion Fruit Farming In Kenya: A-Z Guide

Passion fruit farming In Kenya is expanding every day because of its numerous benefits and awareness. The world is gradually coming to one place due to internet activities we can now plant crops that were alien to us but very beneficial in health, nutrition and economy. Passion fruit is one of the top three exporting fruits in Kenya. This fruit has high value in the international market which are amongst the high juice consuming countries uses passion fruit for flavouring.



So far in Kenya many people including companies have already started panting passion fruits. We need more investors in this area to reduce the rate of importing the fruits into the country.

These plants are vine crops and need support to perform well, the vines can climb anything on its part to grow. And can grow up to 13ft, it is a perennial crop that can produce fruits up to 6 years.

Passion fruit can be used in the preparation of juice for flavouring cakes, pies, ice cream etc. The plant can be planted in a very small space. An acre can accommodate more than 500 stands depending on the spacing used. A step by step guide is provided in this post on how you can start a successful passion fruit farming in Kenya ranging from; soil preparation, planting, varieties, management practices, harvest and marketing.

Different Variety Of Passion Fruits In Kenya

There are more than 500 edible variety but the most commonly planted commercial passion fruits are; the yellow variety, purple variety and hybrid variety.

1. The Purple Passion Fruit:

Purple passion fruit weighs between 35-50g and are purple in colour when ripe. It contends high level of nutrients and flavour. It has a high amount of juice.

2. The Yellow Passion Fruit:

Yellow passion fruit weighs about 50-60g it has a round oval shape. The fruit has yellow spots colour when unripe but becomes golden brown when ripe. This variety is known for their ability to tolerate pests and diseases but very sensitive to low temperature.

3. The Hybrid Passion Fruit:

Hybrid passion fruit came to be from the cross breeding of yellow passion fruit with the purple variety. It took the dominant factors in both cultivar as its characteristic. And therefore produces more yield than those two cultivars. It weighs between 90-100g. The colour of s purple it shares the same quality as the purple passion fruit. Hybrid passion fruit has a high tolerance to pests and diseases with high amount of juice.

Land Preparation For Passion Fruit Farming In Kenya

The best soil for optimum growth is a well-drained sandy loam rich in organic matter with a PH of 5.5-6.5. Prepare the land by clearing grasses which can be kept for mulching, and trees that can be kept for staking. Use tractor and harrow for a hard soil in other to lose them for root and water penetration.

Dig holes of 45×45cm or 60×60cm. Mix manure with the soil on a ratio of 50:50 apply it in the hole up to 30cm.

Planting And Propagation Of The Passion Fruit

Passion fruit can be propagated through seeds, cuttings and root grafting,. Sowing should be between March-April.

Planting through seed is very simple while grafting requires expertise. Extracts the seeds from a healthy high yielding plant fruit. Keep the pulp for 3 days to ferment; prepare the beds and sow the seeds.

Transfer the germinated seeds inside poly bags when the leaves emergence is about 5 or 6; mix soil and compost together and fill the poly bag . Transplant them to the main field when they are 3 months old and trellis them to a stand for good yield.

For vegetative propagation: cut a healthy place from a matured passion fruit about 30cm in size with 3 nodes for the planting. You can buy seedlings from recognised nursery companies. A seedling will cost between ksh100-200.

Inter-cropping The Passion Fruit

Plant crops you can harvest within a year for additional income. Do this again the next year but in the third year plant only crops that can grow under shade such as ginger, turmeric etc.

Irrigation

Irrigation is very important only when there is need for it. Irrigate your passion fruit seedlings after transplanting them from nursery to the main field. During raining season don’t bother watering except there is drought or shortage of rain. The soil should be kept moist through mulching by the use of compost or green manure. Make sure there is no waterlog on the soil use drainage for excess water.

Weeding

Weeding is very important for the health of plants. It should be done when necessary. Three times a year is ideal to carry out weeding in any farm. Passion fruit orchard can be weeded manually or by the use of herbicides. Care must be taken when applying herbicides so as not to damage the plants. They are shallow rooted crops the more reason weeds should not be allowed in the orchard.

Pruning is also necessary to keep plants healthy and clean. Systematic pruning should be use because it encourages new growth of vines. This will promote higher fruit yield. Prune passion fruit after every harvest. Cut the laterite to about 4-5 buds.

Fertilizer Application

Apply farmyard manure 10kg in the first year of planting and 15kg in the second year. You can apply other manure such as bean cake, oil cake etc. They grow well in a Nitrogen, Potassium and Phosphorus nutrients. After the initial application of manure before planting apply again a month after planting; and again after 3 months.

Pest Control

The commonest pests are fruit flies, mealy bug, and mite. While disease are root rot, collar rot, brown spot, die back and wilt. Prune affected part by cutting and burning. Use 1% Bordeaux mixture to treat root rot disease. And use pesticide for pest control. Plant resistant varieties.

Harvesting

Passion fruit has two seasons, that means they fruits twice in a year; August-December and March-May. The fruit matures between 80-90 days but starts fruiting 10 months after planting. The fruit should be harvested with a little stem attached to it. The fruits will naturally drop on the ground when ripe without damage. Use basket to pick them for sale or storage.

The yield depends on cultivar, good agronomy management and climate. But with good practices 10 tonnes of purple passion fruit can be harvested in a hectare. While 16-20 tonnes can harvested in a hybrid cultivar. A vine can produce 200-250 passion fruit every year. Passion fruit can be preserve for about a month when stored in a cold dry place with room temperature.

Marketing

Passion fruit should be sold immediately after harvest in other to prevent them from weight loss and appearance fading. Sell to hotels, malls, supermarkets, restaurants, traders and individuals. Negotiate with juice company for constant suppliers.

Advertise online for a wider coverage.

Health Benefits Of Passion Fruit

1. It treats insomnia
2. Prevents cancer
3. Reduces anxiety
4. A good antioxidant
5. Relieves anaemia
6. Controls blood pressure
7. Improves blood circulation
8. Good for the eye
9. Treats cardiovascular and respiratory condition.

Advantages Of Passion Fruit Farming In Kenya

1. It is profitable
2. It is less competitive
3. It is highly demanded especially by expatriates who have been consuming back at home.
4. It does not require much space less than an acre will give you good money.

Profitability Of Passion Fruit Farming In Kenya

A tree can yield about 15kg in a year and 1kg can be sold for ksh80.

These are everything you need to know About Passion Fruit Farming In Kenya, Drop your questions in the comment section below.

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How To Start Mushroom Farming In Kenya

Mushroom farming in Kenya is one of the farming business that holds high prospect but has never gained ground so far. Whether you decide to grow your mushrooms in your garden (for private consumption) or in a big farm (for commercial use), it is important that you know some important steps to take when growing mushroom.



Only few that are into mushroom farming in Kenya are making serious money and the process of starting mushroom farm is quite simple. Another good thing about mushroom farming is that it is not capital intensive. And the demand for mushrooms is quite high in the market. You can be making as high as one million every 3 months if you take up mushroom farming now in commercial quantity.

What Is a Mushroom?

A mushroom is a kind of fungi that grows on the soil or on the body of its food, usually decaying tree trunks. It is the fleshy part of the fruiting body of a fungus. Aside from the delicious taste of edible mushrooms, it also has numerous health benefits.

The button mushroom can help in reducing weight, shiitakes are known to fight tumors. The chanterelle contains a reasonable amount of vitamins. While the oyster is currently being studied as a possible cure to HIV. All these are the health benefits of mushrooms and many more.

Other Important Facts About Mushroom Farming

Before we discuss the various steps involved in growing your own mushrooms, here are a few other facts about mushrooms you should also know.

Mushrooms mostly grow in moist or damp places. In other words, it needs water to grow.
It must be grown where there is shade to protect it from wind and sun.
It also needs oxygen for survival.
Not all mushrooms are good for consumption. Some species of mushrooms are toxic, some are poisonous, while some are edible.

There are four categories of mushrooms. They are:-

1. Saprotrophic:

These are the types of mushrooms that grow on decaying wood, plants and animals. Saprotrophs contain acids and enzymes that help to decompose or break down dead or decaying tissues for their absorption.

Examples of saprotrophic mushrooms are Oysters, Shiitakes, Morels e.t.c

2. Mycorrhizal:

This category of mushrooms are difficult to cultivate because of their nature. Mycorrhizal mushrooms have a kind of symbiotic relationship with the trees and plants they grow on.

That is, the mushroom and its host derive mutual benefit from each other. This is so because, the mushroom weaves its mycelia into the root of the tree or plant. By so doing, contributes extra moisture and nutrients to the tree, while getting sugars such as glucose from the plant in return.

Examples of Mycorrhizal mushrooms are Chanterelles, and Porcini.

3. Endophytic:

What distinguishes the Endophytic mushroom from the Mycorrhizal is the fact that it is easier to cultivate. It can be grown in the absence of its host. The endophytic mushroom partners with its host, providing it with nutrients and resistance to pathogens.

4. Parasitic: The parasitic mushroom’s relationship with its host is one-sided. In that, the host suffers from infections of the mushroom until it dies.

The Honey fungus, Caterpillar and Lion’s mane are all good examples of parasitic mushrooms.

In starting your mushroom farming in Kenya, you must chose some of the best species according to the market demand and your environment. Here we present to you some of the most desirable edible mushrooms you can start your mushroom farming in Kenya with.

Choose Edible Species For Mushroom Farming

Like I said earlier, not all mushrooms are edible. So, the first step in growing your own mushrooms, is to identify the species that are good for consumption.

Some varieties of edible mushrooms that you can choose from are listed below.

1.Chanterelles (Cantharellus Cibarius)

Rich in vitamin C, D and containing a high amount of potassium, the chanterelle is commonly grown in Asia.

2. Shiitake (Letinula Edodes)

The shiitake is a variety of mushroom mostly grown in Asian countries, especially in Asia where its name originated from. It has been known to reduce tumors.

3. Morels (Morchella Esculenta)

Morels is composed of vitamin C and antioxidants, it protects the body from toxic materials and also protects the liver.

4. Oysters (Pleurotus Ostreatus)

Oysters are known to have anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial effects. It can also help in reducing the level of cholesterol in the body.

After you have chosen the species you want to grow, you can then go ahead to purchase its spawn. The spawn of the particular variety of mushroom you wish to grow is the material that carries the mycelium of the strain of the mushroom pending when it will be cultivated.

It could be sawdust, grain or any substance that can hold the strain of mushroom until it is ready to be cultivated.

Decide On The Medium To Grow Your Mushroom

There are two mediums that you can use in growing your mushroom farming in Kenya. You can grow your mushroom on sawdust or straw, or you can cultivate it on a log wood.

If you are growing your mushrooms on saw dust, you must do the following:

1. Ensure that the sawdust or straw is free from micro-organisms or anything that may disturb the growth of the mushrooms.

2. Spread your medium into a container that can provide enough room for proper growth of the mushrooms.

3. Mix the mushroom spawn with the medium inside the container.

4. The mushroom spawn needs a certain amount of heat to enable its roots settle in the medium. Therefore, you must heat the container with the mushroom spawn and the medium or place it in direct sunlight for a while.

5. After heating the medium and the spawn, the next thing to do is to put the mixture in a dark room. It could be a cabinet or drawer, but it must be a darkened environment where the temperature is not too high.

6. When you have done all that you need to do. You must leave the mixture in the drawer or cabinet for about three to four weeks for it to grow. Meanwhile, cover the mixture with soil and continue to spray with water to keep it damp even as the mushrooms grow.

In the case of logs, you must make sure the woods are safe for the growth of your mushrooms. Cut holes into the woods and then introduce the mushroom spawn into the holes in the log woods. Put the logs under a shade, with continuous spraying of water until the mushrooms start to develop.

These are everything you need to know on how to start edible mushroom farming in kenya. Drop your comments below.
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Watermelon Farming In Kenya: Step By Step Guide

Watermelon farming in Kenya is one of the mainstay of agriculture in the country. This is so because the country is gradually witnessing a shift from crude oil focused exports, to agricultural produce focused exports.



This has seen an increase in the level of foreign exchange earned by Kenya, and by extension the farmers. Poverty is being reduced to a bare minimum through this. In this article, we will focus on an agricultural produce which is in high demand both domestically and internationally.

This produce is non other than watermelon. The watermelon fruit is highly nutritious as well as having the much needed water to hydrate your body. Due to its high nutritious content it is recommended by nutritionists to to be taken as often as possible.

Some Nutritious Benefits of Watermelon:

Having introduced the subject of our discussion, let’s check out some nutritious benefits of this fruit to the body. Why is watermelon a highly desirable fruit? It is simply because it is made up of 92% water. Other nutrients contained in watermelon includes vitamin A, B6, and C. Others include antioxidants, lycopene, amino acids and potassium. These are well known nutrients which are beneficial to the body and decrease the chances of the body coming under health risks. One of his several advantages is that it is easily accessible and very cheap. This means that it is well within the reach of the every Kenyan.

Watermelon Farming in Kenya:

Every part of Kenya supports watermelon farming. However, a bulk of current production comes from the northern part of the country. Although this is the case, you can take advantage of its ability to grow anywhere within Kenya to start cultivating it. Watermelon is always available. This is due to rainy season and irrigation cultivation of the fruit. This means that the fruit is available all year round. There is always high demand for it which is why you you should consider starting this business. While being highly marketable and financially rewarding, the start up costs for this business is significantly low.

Requirements for Starting Watermelon Farming In Kenya:

1. Capital is a basic requirement for starting any business, A watermelon business is no different. However, capital is not the only requirement you need as there are also others which must be put in place such as

A. Land
B. Seedlings
C. Fertilizer
D. Labour.

From the above mentioned requirements, land is one of the most important. However, getting one can be significantly costly. If you have one already, you would have significantly reduced the costs of starting this business.

You also have to determine which variety of watermelon you want to plant as there are several varieties of these fruits. Some of these include;

1. The crimson sweet watermelon variety. This is one of the common varieties of watermelon in Kenya. It has a deep red flesh, as well as a very sweet taste.

2. The black diamond specie is yet another type of watermelon variety. This has a dark skin, but has a red flesh within.

3. Other varieties of watermelon include the Congo variety and the moon and stars variety.

Cultivation of Watermelon in Kenya:

There are several ways to cultivate watermelon. However, it all depends on your soil condition. It is important to note that when planting your watermelon seedlings, you should try as much as possible to avoid waterlogged areas.

This is because it does not thrive in such conditions. Ridges are the best for commercial production of watermelon. The depth of your seedlings should be about 30 centimeters, while the space apart should be about a foot wide. This allows for proper growth of the plants and easy spread.

If your farm has clay soil, then its water retention rate would be higher. Therefore if you’ll be using irrigation, you should water the plants once a week. Loamy soils are the best for watermelon in rainy season.

Other Important Requirements Of Watermelon Farming In Kenya Includes:

It is very important that after having met all the above requirements, you should have a highly efficient marketing structure in place. This is to facilitate easy disposal of your products. Without this in place, you will likely loselose your investments as these fruits are highly perishable.

If you have any question regarding watermelon farming in Kenya please do well to use the comment section below.
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Garlic Farming In Kenya (Everything You Need To Know)

Garlic farming in Kenya is another goldmine you are letting slip right through your fingers. This very profitable vegetable of the Allium family is widely seen as good health enhancing supplements for humans.



It will interest you to know that garlic has antioxidant properties which helps maintain good blood circulation. Garlic also helps in maintaining the good functioning of the heart and the immune systems.

What is holding you from venturing into garlic farming in Kenya?   The objective of this article is to provide you with adequate information regarding garlic farming in Kenya.

In this article, you will get to know most of the things about the following:

Garlic yield per hectare
The economic importance of garlic
Garlic farming in Kenya
Where does garlic grow?
How much is a bag of garlic in Kenya
Just keep reading as you are going to be amazed at the profit potential of garlic farming in Kenya.

How To Start Your Garlic Farming Business In Kenya

For you to be successful in any business venture, the guidelines must be followed to the later. Same is applicable to garlic farming business; you need to abide by these guidelines in order to be successful. There is no doubt that you need to do some work in garlic farming, but the profitability is good too.

These important and indispensable garlic farming guidelines include:

1. Get your garlic farming business plan ready:

Once you have made up your mind to venture into garlic farming business, next is to get your business plan. Your garlic farming business plan gives you the needed direction in the course of your business. You should never underestimate the importance of this business plan to the success of your garlic farming  in Kenya.

2. Your garlic farming business plan can be the only thing standing between you and government loans on agriculture. In order for you to even attract investors to your farming business; you have to present a good business plan.

3. Site selection for your garlic farming business
There are basic soil requirements needed for optimal growth and development of garlic. Your garlic farming business should be carried out in sandy loam soil. This is because you will get the best garlic yield per hectare on this type of soil. You should avoid stony and clay soils as they are known to hinder garlic growth and development. Your selected farmland should be well drained as it is best suited for garlic farming business in Kenya.

Land preparation:

Once you have carefully selected your farmland for the garlic farming, the next step is to clear the site. After clearing the site of bushes and tree stumps, it is recommended that you apply compost or organic manure. This will help improve the fertility of the soil before you can plant your garlic. You can now make ridges on the farm for planting your garlic and easy irrigation.

4. Garlic planting processes:

For the planting, you make use of the garlic cloves that is taken from the garlic bulbs.  You will need to plant the cloves as seeds. It very important that you know that the size of the cloves matters a lot. The larger the cloves, the bigger the garlic bulb yield. Make sure that the garlic bulbs from which you took the cloves are big and soft as well. You should try as much as possible to avoid the soft cloves while planting.

When you are separating the cloves from the garlic bulbs, be careful not to damage the base of the cloves. You really need to note this point because it can adversely affect your garlic farming business in Kenya. After removing the cloves, you should soak them in clean water for a minimum of 6 hours. Then you remove the outer skin of the cloves and mix in fungicides or insecticides and allowed to drain.

While planting, you should make sure that each of the cloves points downwards. You should plant in a depth between 3-6cm into the soil. For you to get the best garlic yield per hectare, the spacing between cloves should be about 20cm. You insulate the planted cloves from direct sunlight or rainfall through the use of mulching.

5. Diseases and pests that affect garlic farming business in Kenya:

Diseases like white rot and botrytis are the most common diseases of garlic. You can use fungicides that contain baking powder to control such diseases. The pests that can attack your garlic farm are aphids, nematodes, and thrips. You should make use of insecticides to control aphids and thrips. Make sure you thoroughly tackle these pests and diseases of garlic. If you fail to do so, the success of your garlic farming business will be at great risk.

How to harvest your garlic:

At this stage, you have done all that is for your garlic farming business. You can harvest your garlic between 4-5 months after farming or when the leaves turn yellow or brown. For the harvesting process, you will use a spading fork to harvest the garlic bulb. You should remove any soil attached to the garlic and allow it to dry. The drying process usually takes up to 3-4weeks depending on the weather.

Once the skin of your garlic is dry, you can then store in a well-ventilated container in a cool dry place. You should note that the garlic bulb might start shrinking if stored under temperatures above 200 C. It can also start sprouting if you store at about 50 C. This means that you really need to be careful with the storage of your garlic.

For your questions and contributions regarding garlic farming in Kenya, kindly make use of the comment section provided below.

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Rabbit Farming In Kenya: Step By Step Guide

Rabbit farming in Kenya is one of the aspects of a successful agricultural business that you can be involved into. Over one million tons of rabbit meat is consumed every year. That`s a great source of income in Kenya. Moreover, rabbits can be used not only as meat, but a great source of fur, and you can even raise them to be home pets!



What is Rabbit Farming?

It`s a commercial rearing of rabbits, primary for sale purposes. You can breed them to sell their meat or fur. Rabbit Farming in kenya does not involve many expenses in the production of rabbits. Moreover, the nature of rabbits and their breeding preferences can certainly help a newbie in the business.

Risks of Rabbit Farming In Kenya:

1.You should construct rabbits` cages difficult to be penetrated by intruders.

2. Rabbits can be eaten or killed by almost any other animal. Therefore, insects, soldier ants, and snakes can easily destroy rabbit breeds.

3. Infections can easily infect your rabbits. Therefore, watch carefully after any occurrence of diseases.

4. Be ready to spend more money for feeding rabbits as they do not always concentrate on reproduction.

Advantages of Rabbit Farming In Kenya:

Rabbit rearing is popular amongst Kenyans.

1. You can rear rabbits not only for meat but their fur can also be sold. There is always a market for rabbits in Kenya. Therefore, you will not lack clients as farming is a very profitable venture.

2. It can be not your full-day business. Rabbits can take care of themselves if you create nice cages for them – you can still have your 8-5 job if you wish.

3.You can use few rabbits as pets.

4. Rabbits are cheaper to raise than any other livestock.

5. Rabbits can grow very fast.

6. Rabbits can be a great substitute for poultry products.

7. You can employ cheap labor to look after your rabbits’ farms.

8. Rabbit Farming does not require special knowledge about breeding processes.
Some people find rabbits amusing and use them as pets. It can be your another sector of income from rabbits.

How to Start Rabbit Farming in Kenya

1. Find your Rabbit Breeds:

It's necessary to choose a right rabbit breed for your business, take a closer look at the most popular breeds.

A. English Spot:

It`s a medium size rabbit that reaches an average body weight of 3 kg. This breed is very friendly, and its appearance makes them easy to sell as pets.

B. Flemish Giant:

It`s a gigantic breed of rabbits. It can reach up to 7 kg in maturity. Still, they require much grooming due to their dense undercoat and smooth coat. They can be referred as friendly giants. Their coats may be a good source of income for you.

C. Dwarf Lop:

The dwarf is small and medium sized rabbits that reach a max weight of 2.5 kg. Their coat is very soft and dense. It requires grooming up to 3 times per day.

D. English Angora:

It`s medium sized rabbits which reach their weight of 3 kg when mature. They have very long and thick fur that requires constant grooming. They are good natured and sociable rabbits.

E. Dutch Rabbits:

They can vary from small to medium sized and can rich the weight up 2.5 kg. They are easy going. Their fur requires daily grooming.

F. Chinchilla:

These rabbits can also vary from small to medium sized. When they reach adulthood, they can vary from 2 to 2.5 kg.

G. British Giant:

It`s another large rabbit that can be a fantastic source of fur and meat. It reaches up to 7 kg at adulthood. Their coat is smooth and medium length, which requires constant grooming.

H. New Zealand White:

It`s a fully white rabbit that reaches a lifetime maturity weight of 5 kg.

Requirements Of Starting A Rabbit Farming In Kenya:

1. Rabbit Housing:

When you establish rabbit cages, you should note that they must be adequate in sizes. You can create rabbit cages by yourself, but it`s preferable that professiosionals construct them.

You can start your business in the backyard if you have good space management skills. The living area of rabbits shouldn`t be too cold or too hot as it can severely damage their health. Do not forget that rabbits are helpless against any intruder. Keep in mind an adequate protection against infiltrators.
Water Channel. Do not forget about water supplies for your rabbits. Think about adequate water containers where your rabbits can drink clear water.

2.Feeding Your Rabbits:

The best options for rabbits to stay healthy is to feed them grass. You can choose from a large variety of grass for your choice, like elephant grass or Napier grass. Do not forget that rabbits should eat at least twice a day.

3.Knowledge About Rabbits:

Rabbit farming in Kenya requires knowledge. Therefore, do not hesitate to find new methods of breeding rabbits when you have time to read.

4. Choose a farming method:

When you have decided to start your rabbit farming in , think about the type of farming you prefer to run. There are a lot of factors that can determine your method of rearing, like protection from the sun, cost, spaciousness, and access to light. There are two primary methods types of rabbit rearing in Kenya.

1. Cage Method:

It`s a highly effective method for commercial rabbit farming business in Kenya. It`s the effective method to put rabbits in cages and provide them highly organized environment. Do not forget that space in the cages should be enough for rabbits to move around.

2. Deep Litter Method:

This method is highly recommended if you have an intention to raise few rabbits. Do not forget to keep male and female specimens apart from each other. They should be together only for copulating purposes. This method of breeding bears a high risk of disease outbreak. Do not hesitate to illuminate ill rabbits if necessary. The infection diseases spread momentarily within rabbits.

How To Care and Feed Your Rabbits

Every rabbit has its own temperament. Even if they are fluffy and good looking, they can be quite Devils in feeding and care. Rabbits should be fed at least two times per day, and they also require a lot of water.

The best food for rabbits is grass, but you can also feed them with cabbages and lettuce. Rabbits are nocturnal creatures. It means that they prefer to eat at nights. Therefore, feeding them well in the evening is critical. If you have an intention to introduce a new type of food, then you should do it slowly. They can`t adapt swiftly to a new type of food.

Breeding:

When a female rabbit reaches six months old, she can breed other rabbits. Therefore, you can place her with a buck`s pen. Note, that buck`s shouldn`t be left in a female`s pen. Put them together and give them time for at least fifteen minutes to copulate. Do not forget to note the date of copulating, buck and female that were used for copulating.

Bucks can be used for reproduction at least once in four days. Female rabbits can produce up to four litters in a year. In commercial purposes, you can schedule mating process for every three weeks. If you can wait, then the mating can be scheduled for every six weeks.

If a female rabbit has reproduced for five years, she can be replaced with a much younger doe. If she produces no more than two-three rabbits, then it`s time to sell her.

Marketing in Rabbits:

If you want to sell your rabbits effectively, you would need to create your own marketing. You can sell rabbits online through various websites. If you have skills, you can even create your own website to sell rabbits. International clients pay the biggest sums for rabbits.

You can also sell rabbits in the local market. If you don`t want to stay all the day long to sell a rabbit, then you might ask somebody to sell the rabbits for you. Social Media can also be your platform for rabbit selling. Unfortunately, poor marketing is the main drawback for rabbit farming in Kenya. Therefore, you may need to put much effort in marketing your rabbits.

If you have any question on rabbit farming in Kenya kindly drop it in the comment section below.
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How To Start Tomato Farming In Kenya (Step By Step Guide)

Tomato is one of the most important cooking ingredient in Kenya. 80% percent of our food is never complete without tomato. We use it in cooking stews, soups, salads, portages, and virtually every food imaginable in the land. It goes with everything. So good that none of our traditional foods ever rejected tomato. This report explains how to start lucrative tomato farming in Kenya.



Benefits Of Tomato Farming In Kenya

1. Health –

This wonderful fruit berry is an excellent source of good amount of vitamin C and beta-carotene. Tomatoes deep redness mean it’s a very good source of antioxidant agents. It’s a powerful source of vitamin E and enhance the health and sharpness of the eyes. You can never go wrong with tomatoes as far as nutrition and health is concerned.

2. Profit –

The market is always there for tomatoes in Kenya. Why not? A product that is consumed by millions of people, no amount you produced that will ever going to be enough. In the recent years, Kenya imported 2809 tonnes of processed Tomato that worth over ksh1.7 Billion. That was in addition to the massive tonnes produced locally in the some parts of Kenya. Tomatoes alone takes out over N10 billion annually from Kenyans!

What exactly are Kenyans doing that a whooping amount of N1.7 billion has to go to other countries economy for a product that does very well in almost every Kenyan soil? This is a question we need to ask ourselves as we prepare for this year’s farming season.

If you have ksh1 million and you invest it in tomato farming this season, you will double that investment within nine months.

How To Grow Tomatoes In Kenya:

Tomato farming in Kenya is very simple. Anyone can do it in any capacity, either in the backyard or in commercial quantity. Growing tomato is much more rewarding than you could ever imagined. Tomato can be grown round the year, especially in favorable places where there is irrigation system specifically made for it. In other places, it is best cultivated during the rainy season.

How To Start Tomato Farming In Kenya:

Step 1: Pick up The Best Species –

The improved yield specie is the best choice for farmers, do not pick the local species. In this case, I will recommend the Roma variety. The Roma tomato known for it’s size and redness is a plum tomato very popular in the Kenyan markets. This specie can be used both for canning and producing tomato paste. It is also commonly found in supermarkets in some countries. Roma tomatoes are also known as Italian tomatoes, it is also called Italian plum tomatoes.

What makes Roma specie very unique is it’s long shelf life, it’s hard back, and low water content which enables it to last longer after harvest. A paint rubber of the seed cost about ksh4,500

Step 2: Prepare The Nursery –

This can be done around March/April when the rain is just beginning in most parts of the country. You can use your backyard for the nursery or any other piece of land the is suitable for it. Tomatoes does very well in most soil types in Kenya but better in a black loose loamy soil. Prepare the ground by clearing the grasses and rubble, loosen the soil with hand trowel and hoes.

Remove the seeds from the tomatoes and spread it on the prepared soil. You can cover it with dry grasses to prevent the lose of moisture from the soil and prevent birds ants fowls from eating off the tomato farming seeds.

Within 5-7days you will see it germinating. Wait till about another five days before you remove the dry grasses to allow for proper growth. Leave it for another one month before transplanting.

Step 3: Transplant to The Garden/Farm –

The final journey will be moving it into the permanent farm where they would grow to maturity and production.

If your farm is too big that you can’t do the transplanting alone, hire laborers according to your need. You need to be careful with the tender plan to avoid breaking it. Transplant is best done with hands for better results.

Open the soil with piece of small wood, insert the seedling into the hole and cover it with lose soil. Tomato plan is very tender and fragile, it is best transplanted the same day you uprooted it from the nursery to avoid dehydration and fatigue.

Step 4: Romove Weed and Apply Fertilizer –

After two months from transplant, it will be time for weeding. Hire laborers to do the weeding while you supervise to ensure that your tomato plants are not damaged during the process of removing weeds.

After the first weed, it will be time to apply fertilizer to help replenish the soil nutrients taken by the weeds. To grow successfully, tomatoes need nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, potash, calcium, and magnesium, along with other trace minerals. It’s always best to have your soil tested to check for nutrient levels and PH level.

Use fertilizer that supply those vital nutrients – N-P-K ratio fertilizer can be very good for tomatoes.

Step 5: Harvest Your Tomatoes –

Tomato is harvested in matches, the moment you starts harvesting, you’ll continue on weekly basis till the end of the season, usually it will keep producing till the dry season when the plant will die off due to the scorching heat.

The first harvest starts within three months after planting. That means if you plan by April, you should be expecting your first harvest to start by June/July. From then, it will continue till November/December.

Step 6: Market Your Tomatoes –

It is important to prepare your marketing well ahead of harvesting. Look for who or where to supply the product. This is because, tomato is a perishable product unless you have built storage system.

So, you can see the potential in the tomato farming business in Kenya.

There is need for smart entrepreneurs to see the opportunity for big business and big money in this sector. We have gotten to the point where we need young savvy entrepreneurs to break into this agrisector and start producing and delivering quality, hygienic tomatoes at very affordable price.

The mass market remains the key to success in Agribusiness and I would rather sell 1,000 basket a day for ksh2,000 each than sell just 100 basket a day for ksh5,000 per basket. The money is in the mass market and we need to start seeing it that way and working that way. Produce more, sell less amount, and make more money.

These are the step by step guide on tomato farming in Kenya that you need to know. Kindly drop your questions in the comment section.
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