How To Start Profitable Fish Farming In Kenya

There are so many information on the internet on how to start fish farming in Kenya especially catfish but few are detailed enough to really assist aspiring fish farmer to get started. I will be endeavor to make this article as detailed as possible and hope that other experienced fish farmer will add to it as we try to answer people’s questions by commenting.

One of the most popular agribusiness in Kenya is fish farming and for good reasons. Gone are the days when the only means of getting fish is by catching it in the local rivers and ponds through trial and errors. Today, the modern farm practice has made it possible to grow fish in the farms and control the input.

If you are thinking of business to start now, I recommend you start Catfish Farming. If you are an existing farmer and you are looking to expand your farm capacity, I’d encourage you add fish farming to your line of business. Fish farming (especially catfish) is most compatible with poultry rearing as you can use the poultry drops to produce the feed for your fish.

Benefits of Fish Farming in Kenya

1. Fish is Popular
Fishery products is by far the most popular animal products in the market, constituting more than 60% of meat produce in the Kenyan market.

2. Fish is Source of Protein
Fish is one of the highest source of protein. It is a low-fat high quality protein that is filled with omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins such as D and B2 (riboflavin). Fish is also very rich in calcium and phosphorus and is equally a great source of minerals, such as iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium, and potassium.

3. Fish Sells Quick
Fish sells faster than any other animal products in the market and is relatively cheaper than meats, making it the number one choice when it comes to affordability.

4. Fish Matures Quickly
Fish grows very fast as practices in fish farming in Kenya makes it possible for farmers to increase the fastness of their fish growth by giving them certain feeds, ensuring that you harvest and sell within short period of time.

5. Fish Contains Omega-3
Fish is the biggest source of Omega-3 fatty acids which is extremely beneficial to human heart; Omega-3 helps to keep our heart and brain very healthy. Since human body doesn’t produce Omega-3 fatty acids, the only source through which we can get it is by what we eat, that is where fish comes to the rescue.

6. Fish Farming is Profitable
Fish farming is very profitable. With proper planning and good management, Ksh3 million investment in fish farming could easily result to Ksh4 million of pure profit within six months.

7. No Environmental Hazard
Fish farm does not cause any environmental hazard. Unlike poultry farming, you can setup fish farm anywhere, including residential areas. If you have a specious compound, you can easily setup a small fish farm within your backyard without any regulatory precaution.

Risks and Challenges in Fish Farming In Kenya

1. Sensitive to Manage
Fish is very sensitive to manage and a slight mistake could result to degenerated growth of your fish or even death which may cause massive revenue loss.

2. Capital Intensive
Setting up fish farm is capital intensive, much more than other farming. Setting up fish farm requires more careful planning and much capital input. A relatively small fish farm may take up to Ksh500,000 to setup, while bigger ones takes millions of ksh.

3. Fish is Priced High
Due to the cost of production, fish produced from the farm is priced higher than those caught from the rivers and ponds by fishermen. Therefore, if there are good quantity of fisherman’s fish in the market, you may find it difficult to sell as people would prefer the cheaper ones.

4. No Byproduct
There is no byproduct in fishery unlike poultry where even the drop can be harvested and sold to other farmers and make extra profit. In fishery, all you get is the flesh.

Types Of Fish You Can Farm

Haven seen the benefits as well as the risks involved in fish farming, let’s now proceed to decide which specie of fish we want to farm. Below are some of the most popular fish species that is suitable for Aquaculture.

1. Cat Fish –
Even though Catfish is not the most popular fish in Kenya, this fish species is by far the most cultivated in Kenya. One thing good about catfish is that it is one of the easiest fish species to cultivate. So, people naturally flow to the direction of fish specie they found to be the easiest to cultivate.

2. Tilapia –
Second most popular fish in Kenya’s aquaculture industry, Tilapia is a fish species that lives in fresh shallow water. Tilapia is very easy to cultivate and very popular in Kenyan market, it reproduces very rapidly and grows fast too.

3. Mackerel (Titus) –
This is by far the most popular fish in Kenyan market but so sad it’s not farmed. All Mackerel Fish are “wild caught” but some farmer in Nigeria are considering the possibility of creating artificial salty water that will be similar to sea water where mackerel can only survive. Can this deep blue sea fish specie be cultivated artificially? Only time will tell but for now, you have to focus your attention to Catfish and Tilapia.

What You Need To Get Started In Fish Farming In Kenya

1. Secure a Land
Any location is good since fish doesn’t cause any environmental disturbance. Look for land where you can get it cheap and buy. Depending on the capacity you wants to operate on, half plot of land is just good enough for average fish farm.

However, you may go for something bigger like full plot or two if you can afford it probably for convenience sake. If you already have a compound with leftover space you thing can accommodate two or three ponds, you may use it.

2. Construct Ponds
You need to engage the service of expert pond construction engineer or you go to another fish farm to get the specification and construction requirements. The plumbing work must be properly done to ensure proper drainage.

3. Dig a Borehole
Adequate water supply is the lifeblood of fish farm and lack of it may result to disaster because water need to be changed on regular interval. Naturally available sources of water such as borehole and river water is the most suitable. Rain water and tap water from chemically treated source is not recommended for fish cultivation.

4. Install Overhead Tank
This is the water reservoir from which water is supplied to your ponds. This tank has to be connected to your ponds through plumbing system to make it convenient for water to flow into your ponds when needed.

5. Get Juvenile Fish
Get your juvenile from another farm that specializes in supplying it. You need to go for the high yield specie of catfish or tilapia and make sure you are getting it from a healthy farm.

6. Get Training
Not the kind of training you get from one day seminars; you need to get attached to a fish farm for proper apprenticeship. For you to properly learn this trade, you need at least two months training on this.

Remember that your investment is at stake, trial and error is not good in business except you have unlimited funds to experiment with.

This feasibility study prepared for a catfish farm capacity of 10,000 and fingerlings of high breed catfish where to be stocked. The expenses from pond construction to marketing is considered. The farm is to have 10 concrete ponds of flow through system and each pond is to contains 1,000 stocked catfish.

Cost of Constructing Each Pond is as Follows
Each pond is 3m x 2.5m by 1.4m, each pond consumes 210 blocks and each bag of cement for 30 blocks. Hence 210 x 10 = 2,100 blocks. 2,100/30 = 70 bags of cement needed. 2000 x 70 = 140,000 KSH.

4trips of sand used = 7,000×4 = KSH28,000
2trips of gravel = 32,000x 2 = KSH64,00
Cost of labour = KSH150,00
Cost of plumbing (inlet and outlet facility) = KSH100,000.
The cost of bore hole = KSH150,000.
Cost of treatment = KSH50,000.
The cost of high breed fingerlings 30×10,000 = KSH300,000.
Cost of feeding from day one to maturity stage is 200 bags of foreign feed = KSH1,000,000.
After the average weight of the fish was 1.7kg. And it was sold at 800 KSH each. The output was 800×9800 fishes, due to 200 mortality. 800 x 9800 = KSH7,840,000.

Input is KSH3.25’million. The profit is KSH4.59 million after six months of culture. Following this cost analysis, you can easily invest KSH3 million and expect good turnover within six months of harvest and sell.

There is no doubt that fish farming in Kenya is among the list of lucrative agribusiness in the country. You need to get it right by drawing complete business plan and following it to the later. You need to apply good management skill and follow the acceptable standard. If you do all these, you are sure to make good profit from your fish farming in Kenya or where else you choose t set it up.

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How To Start Poultry Farming In Kenya

Poultry Farming in Kenya is probably one of the most lucrative farming business you can do in Kenya especially when it is setup and managed properly. The farmers we currently have are not producing enough poultry and will not be enough even in the next ten years.

This aspect of livestock farming presents one of the finest opportunity for entrepreneurs to make good money within the shortest period of time possible. This is made possible by the quick maturity of chicken.

With over 60 Million consumers in the country who buys poultry products on daily basis, the market is always here waiting to be tapped. The demand for eggs is so high that people go about everyday looking for where to buy eggs for supply.

So, how exactly can anyone who wish to start poultry farming in Kenya be able to go about it and come out very profitable? This article will cover a lot of ground, and it is written based on personal experience and continually updated to make sure the information here is as accurate as possible at all time.

This very post will take more critical look at the business and how entrepreneurs who are interested in this business in Kenya could start easily without wasting much time and resources.

Anyone can engage in poultry farming, it doesn’t matter your educational or financial background. You can start at any level and grow as big as you want with time. The most important thing is that you are interested in starting somewhere.

This articles will focus on how to start small and grow big which I think will interest anyone with limited financial capacity who wants to start small without involving much risks.

One of the factors that makes poultry farming ideal is because chickens grows very fast. Unlike goats that takes 2 to 3 years to mature, a chicken can be ready for the market within 28 weeks from birth. That is why it is considered ideal business for loan takers who may actually invest the loan and within 30 to 40 weeks, they may start paying back through the money realized from sells. That is if everything goes well as planned.

Profits in Poultry Farming In Kenya

1. Chicken Reproduce Fast

Average healthy Layer lays egg almost everyday or at least 4 times in a week. Some Breeds can lay as much as 325 eggs in a year and take 21 days to hatch. This means that technically a Layer is capable of producing another chicken twice in three days.

So, if you have 500 healthy layers of good breeds (such as California white) they are capable of reproducing a whooping 12,000 chicks within 40 days!

2. Chicken Grows Very Fast

Within 21 days, the egg is hatched and within 28 weeks, they are ready for the market. That means a farmer may start making his money in just 34 weeks after successfully setting up his farm and whatever returns he make could be doubled in a year based on this calculation.

3. Chicken Sells at Very Good Price

A fully grown healthy chicken sells for a good price in Kenya. Therefore, if you produce 12,000 chickens in your farm, you will be making millions of KSH by the time they are completely sold.

4. Egg market in Large too – Apart from the chicken, the egg is another money of it’s own. A crate of eggs sells good for decent amount. Each crate contains 30 eggs. Therefore, if you have 500 layers that produces 12,000 pullet in a month and decides to sell all, you will be making thousands of KSH by the month.

As you can see, the profit in poultry farming in Kenya is mouth watering and the turn over time is fantastic. The big question now is how to get this business started?

Draw out your effective business plan. Poultry business plan is like a road map leading you to where you are going in you business. It will help you know where you are at any point in time. Hence your business plan should include:

1. Decide on Type of Poultry Bird

Here you choose Chickens (Layers and Broilers). We choose chicken because that’s what this article focuses on. There are other types of birds that are good for livestock business too,  such as Goose, Duck, Turkey, etc.

2. Write Down your Area of Interest

You can’t just be in all aspect of poultry farming in Kenya. You have to choose your area of interest where you would like to concentrate your business. This will ensure high level of focus and professionalism. If you can do two area, no problem. Below are some of the major Niches in Poultry Farming in Kenya or elsewhere.

Layers Breeding which is egg production by Layers
Broilers breeding which referrers to the chicken meat production by Broilers
Hatchery which has to do with breeding chicken for the purpose of Hatching new chicks
Poultry feed which is producing feeds for other poultry farmers
You may choose to Breed Layers and Broilers at a time or one of them. Hatchery is better done independently just like feed production. So, you choose your area of focus

3. Sort out Location

This has a direct effect to your startup cost. A location in a very remote rural area will cost far less than the one close to the urban area. Remote rural area with good road is the ideal location as you will be free from regulatory agencies and drive down the cost of labor too.

As a person new to Livestock business, you don’t want to invest all your capital into buying lands in urban area which may turn out not being used. Government policy is against setting up poultry farm near residential/urban areas for health implications.

4. Secure you Poultry Farm Starting Capital

With location in mind, you now have clearer idea of the capital required of you. Write down your detailed capital and investment requirements for your poultry farming in Kenya venture and set out to source for it.

Like every other farming projects, the bigger you plan to start, the more investment required. You need to decide on the level of capital investment you are willing to commit into this business before starting.

(a) Small scale Chicken Rearing (of about 50 birds) kept in cages at the backyard of your resident will take about Ksh70,000 to start.

(b) A medium scale poultry farming that requires land and housing and other materials in 1 – 2 plots of Land takes about Ksh500,000 to Ksh5 Million to start.

(c) Large scale or Intensive poultry farming that requires high level of sophistication and more careful planning and professionalism, using advance Livestock farming techniques takes from 1 Million Ksh.

Setting Up Your Poultry Farming In Kenya
With your business plan is in place, the next is to proceed to setting up your farm without delay! At this point, it is my believe that you already have the money in your hands. So here are the things you need to acquire and put in place.

1. Buy Poultry Farm land

Like we said earlier, look for land in a remote location but make sure it’s not too far from the city. The places that are perfect are mainly rural areas.

You can get Acre of land there for cheap price, cost of lands in most cases is determined by the sellers. But we may suggest price during commenting. So drop your comments below and let’s get the discussion going.

2. Build your Poultry Pen Structure

House is very important for chicken rearing and effective keeping and management. Poultry housing are classified according to the scale and the management system. The most common types of poultry housing used for poultry farming in Kenya are:

•    Deep litter-
•    Half litter and half slats –
•    Battery –
•    Semi-fold –

3. Buy Day Old Chick

Look for good Hatchery where you can get healthy day old chicks to start with. It costs from Ksh140 to Ksh200 sometimes up to Ksh300.

4. Items you Need for Poultry Farm

Feeders, Drinkers, Perches. Nests, Crates, Lighting system, Waste disposal system, Incubator, Heaters or brooders, Egg tray, Cages and coops.

I guess this article have answered your query on how to start poultry farming in Kenya. Please drop your questions in the comment section.
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Dairy Farming In Kenya (Everything You Need To Know)

Do you know that you can make huge income from practicing dairy farming in kenya?

Now, before we go into the explanations of how to start a dairy farm in Kenya, let’s look at what dairy farming is all about.

Introduction to Dairy Farming In Kenya:

A dairy farming is when your rear cow for the sole aim of extracting milk for production.

This business may or may not be yet popular in Kenya, yet it is among the many agricultural ventures that are worth investing into. So if you are looking for a good business to do in Kenya, then you should consider dairy farming.

The most remarkable fact about dairy farming  is that one can easily be assisted by the government. In this article, we will discuss on how to apply for a loan from the government.

Milk is loved by all, no matter the culture. This is because; it is a high source of protein aside leguminous plant which is required for body growth, both mentally and physically.

It is also known that dairy products supply the most important amino acid required for body building as well as tissues maintenance in human beings. Animal protein similarly supplies its own level of energy required for daily activities. It is also essential for the synthesis of certain hormones, enzymes and body products in both man and animals

Kenya is among the largest producer of cow milk in Africa. Aside from importing cow milk, Kenya is yet to meet up with the 1.45 billion liters estimated national milk requirement.

Presently, it has been estimated that local production of milk is less than 1% of the total annual demand of 1.45 billion liters.

This shows that cow milk does not every Kenyans yet. It has also been noted that about 500,000 cows and between 300,000 to 400,000 hectares of land are required to meet the national demand of milk for the country.

Through the above estimations, we can see that dairy farming in Kenya needs more investors.

How much do farmers make from dairy farming in Kenya?

It is obvious lots of you might be wondering about this. You might be thinking; “If I go into diary farming business, how much will I be making?”

Here is the catch,

In every business, at the beginning, a constant flow of income cannot be certain but as time goes on, income will be steady. So, in a rough estimation, if you practice the required steps or proper strategies, you will be making good amount of money, sufficient enough to help you overcome the ongoing recession.

Now let’s move to the main point;

How to start a Dairy farming business in Kenya.

You need to be knowledgeable in dairy farming business so as to make profits

The first and the most important thing you need to know is that you must either be experienced, knowledgeable or bring in an expert when starting a dairy farming business in Kenya.

Is this necessary? You might be asking.

The truth is that you are dealing with cows, and they most times might be aggressive, stubborn or not complying. So you need to be experienced in other to know what to do to them when the time comes.

But do not let these be a setback or makes you feel reluctant into setting up your own dairy farming business because, when you look at it in another way, it’s for your own benefit in the long run.

You can start your diary farm by reaching out to other dairy farmers. Try as much as possible to make all the necessary inquiries on how they manage their dairy farms.

You can also speak with veterinarians, nutritionists, agronomists, bankers, extension educators, and others that can provide a different point of view on the management of your dairy.

Housing Your Cows for Dairy Business in Kenya:

You should prepare a comfortable housing for your cows when starting a dairy farming. Make a housing that is free from much sun and rain.

It should have a properly fencing at night to avoid thieves. You should consult a builder who is experienced in it to avoid any mistakes. And, also keep cost in mind while doing so
The next most important thing is that you should purchase the best cows for your breeding. You can also crossbreed if want to get a better result.

Lists of good breeding cows are;

White Fulani

You should know that each of these cows/cattle has it characterizes… (You should inquiry about these before purchasing)

Your cow may display some signs which show that they may be under heat or calving (giving birth to a calf)

Signs of calving:

The cow will have loss of appetite and become restlessness, have a stiff udder and have an obvious discharge of mucus from the enlarged vulva.

Note; any cow due for calving should be isolated one week before calving for closer attention. And any milking cows should be dried after 10 months of milking, and it should be steamed up by giving it concentrates for the next two months before calving.

You should massage the udder by lightly squeezing and pulling the teats and patting her on the back. Newborn calve after birth should be allowed to suckle the mother the first 24 hours to get colostrums before isolating it. Remember, if you are not quite experienced in this then please consult a veterinarian. Watch closely and learn from he/her.

Signs of Heat in cows

When your cows are under heat, they may drop in milk production, bellow, have a dilated and enlarged vulva, climbing on other cows or standing still while being mounted on by other cows and becoming restless.

The heat period lasts from 6 to 30 hours

Feeding for your cows:

The next step is to determine your cow feeds. Green forage like leguminous forage plant, sweet potato vines and many others like wheat straw, Rice straw maize Stover etc can be given to your cows. You should chop all feeds and put them in the troughs or a container to avoid been wasted.

The quality should be about 40-70kg of chopped forage per day that is, in the morning and in the evening.
Note; for the minerals administration, Maclic super should be given to your dairy cows and Maclic plus for your young claves.

Establishment of Zero grazing units
There is Field grazing and Zero grazing.

There are three types of field grazing methods which include; (Set Stocking, Rotational, and Strip Grazing).

For the Zero grazing, this is the best practices, particularly for beginners. For better understanding, zero grazing means feeding your cows with cut grass brought to them instead of putting them out to pasture.

Setting up your zero grazing units can be done using cheap materials in other to lower cost. It is recommended that a cemented floor is chosen because of the constant washing required.

For your feeding method

– Feed trough should be sufficient to accommodate 40-70 kg of chopped feed material per day
– The forage should be chopped before feeding and feed troughs should be used.
– Concentrates should be given to high yielders during milking i.e. to say those producing over 10 kg of milk per day.

Hygiene for Zero Grazing Units:

A proper and high hygiene should be followed to prevent your cows from contacting diseases. Remember that when your cows are healthy then they can produce a high amount of milk.

Concrete floors should be washed daily.

Dung should be removed every day and heaped away from the unit

Water should be nearby and should be changed daily after cleaning the water trough.

Dry beddings should be supplied in the cubicles and in calf pens.

Hoofs of all cows should be trimmed regularly as need be.

Note; the quality and quantity of water and feed you give to your cows will determine the amount of milk they will produce for you. A sick cow will slack in milk production. Know when to administer drugs to your cows if need maybe. If possible, get the help of a veterinarian.

Diseases and pest you should look out for;
Infection; this could be caused by virus and bacteria. The signs you will notices are dehydration and cows or calf will start weakening fast. You should contact your veterinarian.

Lack of good nutrition; if your cows are lacking in good nutrition, which could be caused by dirty milk, dirty buckets, overfeeding. Then it will show signs such as calf scours, loss of appetite, a rise in temperature, dejectedness, and dehydration.

Packaging Your Dairy Farming Milk:

Now you are done with your milking and you think it’s ready for marketing. You should package your product attractively. Because people are attracted to beautiful things. You can package it in a bottle or whatever way you want. Just make sure you brand your product to stand out in the dairy farming business and attract customers.

Other Things you should consider;

Make a business plan

Have a record keeping of your dairy farming business plan. Write in it what has been bought, sold or done. A record helps you to know where you are heading to in your business.

Know the feed type and method that works best for you and stick to it. Know that what works for others might not work for you.
Create a good waste management in your farm to prevent infection from spreading.

For capital; loan can be granted by the government or agricultural banks. Apply with a good business plan.

Whatever you are trying to purchase try as much as possible to lower cost.

For your labor; you might want to do it yourself but know that it won’t be easy. Consider having an assistant or your family members might be of help.

Dairy farming n Kenya is one of the many ways one can boom in the agricultural in Kenya. Many people do not know about it, now you know, make use of it. The above steps will help you set up a successful dairy farm in Kenya without any form of limitation.

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How To Start Onion Farming In Kenya

Onions farming in Kenya is highly neglected and is considered to be a menial job meant only for the poor farmers and yet this crop support millions of lives in Kenya because people use this very onion on daily basis! In fact there are many families in the Kenya that depend on Onions farming and are living the life of their choice without other people knowing of it.

Onions farming has the capability of making millions for anyone who knows the market value of the crop and is serious with it as business either farming or even doing the buying and selling aspect alone.

Onions farming is not difficult as  it can be grown within the compound if one wish because it can as well survive as against what many believe that it can only be planted and harvested only in some parts of the country, onions can be grown anywhere in this Kenya.

For those considering Onions farming in Kenya, it is indeed a huge business with good turnover for serious farmers because it is highly consumed around the world. The business potentials in the business is great but just that most of us see onion as one of those food ingredients we cook with, but it goes beyond that if we really understand that millions of naira could be made by going into the business of onion farming.

For those interested in this great business of onion farming business in Kenya, we will be glad to provide you with some detailed guides on how to go into the business and make real money from it.

Starting Commercial Onions Farming In Kenya:

1.Types Of Onions
Know that there are two basic types or categories of Onions and they are, short day and long day onions with differing growing periods. So when making a selection of the onions to plant, be on the look out for the perennial onions and the bulb types because they produces faster and better than every other types.

2. How To Plant Onions
For maximum production, Onions are to be grown from seeds and then be transplanted. One can still grow it in which ever way he chooses but the methods of transplanting enables the farmer to properly space the crops. The best space is usually 1/2 an inch apart and 3/8 inch deep. The rows is best put at 15 inches apart.

3. Maintaining The Plants
Onions requires a lot of water at the early stage so if it’s not raining appropriately then be ready to have it watered frequently for good water retention. Weeding is very important also because it will help the crop to utilize the nutrients in the soil instead of sharing it with the weeds as Onions has been found to do much better undisturbed by the other grasses.

While weeding, enough cares should be taken not to disturb the roots needlessly. It is also good to employ natural root builder by adding some mycorrizal fungi to assist the roots get the soil nutrients.

5. Harvesting Period
Onion are usually harvested within three months, especially the bulb onions. Be on the look out for when the plants begins to yellow because that is the right time to harvest it. You can also induce the process by breaking the tops of the onions as that makes it ripen before bringing out flowering stalks. Do not wait until it starts producing flower stalks.

For the green onions, that is usually due for harvesting when it gets to 5 inches tall as it has been discovered to have more stronger flavor if it,s allowed to grow taller.

It is usually best to plant onions by the mid-October, though it can be planted at other times but just that it needs uniform nutrients and moisture through out the growing season. Furrow irrigation is encouraged for the plants to produce very well.

Onions farming in Kenya is not for mediocre but is meant for those who want to make millions because it has the capacity to do just that. Go to various major markets in Kenya and see that onions business is so huge as a bag of onions currently sell very affordable as the case may be.

Festive periods in Kenya boosters the prizes of onions and other fresh products like Tomato and Pepper which are also hot cakes in Kenyan market.
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How To Start Pig Farming In Kenya (Step By Step Guide)

Pig farming in Kenya is a very lucrative agricultural business but sadly, only a few Kenyans know about this trade. The initial investment required to start a pig farm is small compared to the huge profit you will enjoy later, their housing and equipment require little investment to start although this depends the majorly on the system of rearing you want to engage in.

It has a short gestation period of 114 days that is three months, three weeks and three days, they mature very early.

A piglet takes only 6-9months to get to the market size of 60-90kg. This is a liquid asset as they don’t take up to one year before being sold off. They are non-ruminant animals and belong to the family of sudae. Pigs are mainly of two species “sus sacrofa and sus vittatus.

These are the breeds if pigs, they includes:


All these breeds can be grouped however into three main categories.

A. Meat type

B. Land type

C. The Bacon type


Boar – A mature male pig.

Sow – A mature female pig.

Gilt – A female pig that is matured to reproduce or has reproduced once.

Piglet – The young or baby pig.

Weaners – Young pigs just separated from the mother.

Fatteners – Old pigs reared for the market.

Barrow – A castrated male pig.

Farrowing – The act of parturition in the pig.

In sow – Pregnant sow.

Dry sow – A sow that is not pregnant.

Pork – The meat of a pig.

Bacon – A salted pig meat.

Lard – Pig meat with fat.

see also fish farming


Source of food:

Pig’s meat contains protein which is high in energy, attractive, nutritious, tasty and tender

Source of Income:

Pigs are reared mainly for meat, pig skin, bristle, and manure. Therefore apart from just seeing them as mainly meat producers, their skin and bristle are useful. They can be sold in exchange for money

Source of Employment:

Farming, in general, can provide jobs for the teeming unemployed youths in the country.


Managing pigs from breeding to market size can be grouped into three phases, which are;

Breeding to birth:

Breeders are housed in a place made of a concrete floor, low wall and galvanized iron roofing sheets. The boar and gilt should be at least eight months before the breed and for the gilt she must have, at least, twelve well-spaced functional treats and good temperament and should not be obese. Two weeks before mating the female (gilt) are dewormed and sprayed with insecticide to remove internal and external parasites.

Piglet to weaning:

Just like most animals, when piglet is born, the mucus membrane are wiped from their nose in order to prevent them from suffocating. The naval is cut and dipped into iodine to prevent infection and heat provide to prevent them from getting cold.

Weaning to Finishing:

When the piglets are grown, they are transferred into the fattener’s house, where they are given quality feeds to grow into market size.



Get a well suitable land for farming, this land should be far from residential areas because of the offensive smell that comes from pigs.


There are three system of rearing pigs they include;


The system allows the pigs to roam about freely in search of their own food and water. The advantage of this system is that it involves low capital. However, the disadvantages are that they can contact diseases easily and are exposed to adverse weather conditions.


Here housing is provided, but the pigs are still allowed to go out from time to time to feed on natural vegetation. The system requires less capital investment but labor requirement.

Intensive system:

All pigs are kept within a confined building and are not allowed to move out. They are raised inside the pens on either iron or concrete slatted floor. Feed, water, and medication are supplied daily in adequate quantity and good sanitation is maintained. The system saves labor, provides a condition for good management standards and easy control of internal parasite.


Feed is highly recommended when operating a semi-intensive or intensive system of rearing pigs. Feed cost represents 80% of the total cost of producing swine. Feeds should be given to all categories of pigs, balanced in nutrients to enhance rapid growth in the swine.


Pig houses should sheds which provide shelter against harsh weather condition as well as providing the proper hygienic conditions required to maintain healthy growth in the pigs. The house should be constructed along the direction of the wind but far from residential areas. Housing should have low walls made of bricks, stones or concrete cement, this is to allow the free flow of air.

I guess the step by step guide answers your query on how to start pig farming in Kenya
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