Sunday, 19 January 2020

Top 15 Business Ideas In Ghana

There are many business ideas in Ghana that have not been fully tapped. Ghana still have a very high unemployment rate. Luckily the country has numerous opportunities for small businesses to thrive. However, some people might complain about the lack of capital.

The good news is that some of these ideas does not require big amount of start-up capital.
Now that we have caught your attention, let's introduce you to some of the profitable business ideas that yields high profits

Here Are Best Lucrative Business Ideas in Ghana You Can Start With Little Or No Capital:

1. Poultry Farming

Research shows that a good percentage of Ghanaians consume tons of meat and eggs in their homes, eateries and parties. 
Therefore without wasting much time, poultry farming will be gracing our number one spot as a profitable business idea to start within your location
It does not require much capital while you can sell many products from your farm. These include eggs, frozen poultry meat and even the day-old chick from your farm.

2. Taxi Business

People travel and move around daily even on  weekends. However, some Ghanaians do not have cars while others find commercial buses uncomfortable. So, with if you have a vehicle and register with either Uber or any other taxi company then you can start your transport business with ease. A very smooth way to make money provided you have the time, therefore it is regarded as one of the top business ideas in Ghana.

3. Home Tutoring Services

Some subjects can be frustrating especially the sciences. But if you have a perfect grasp of these courses and can give a good tutoring on it, you can start home tutorial service. 
Here, you can tutor students in various courses for a specified fee.

4. Fish farming

If you want another profitable small business, consider fish farming. Apart from a low startup cost, it does not demand much space. 
You can even learn the ways of the business within a short period without hassle.

5. Real Estate Agency

Do you have enviable networking skills? Can you connect prospective tenants/buyers with landlords who have properties for sale? 
If yes, you can start a real estate agency and make as high as six figures from commissions or you can equally start up your own real estate company.

6. Photography Services

Ghanaians tends to have great love photography. They will also pay good money to photographers that can create exciting images, therefore I wouldn't be wrong if i listed photography services as one of the profitable business ideas in Ghana.
Even if you don’t know how to use a camera, you can learn the required skills from online tutorials or can even find a professional photographer to tutor you. With excellent marketing skills, you can earn a favourable income from this business.

7. Creche/ Day Care Services

Are you great with kids? Do you love taking care of children? If yes, consider running a daycare service to help busy people take care of their wards and kids. 
However, you will have to ensure that your creche maintains a high standard of hygiene and security.

8. Event Planning 

Ghanaians celebrate various types  events and occasions across the country. Most times they may require the services of an event planner particularly if they want the ceremony to move perfectly.
If you have top-notch planning skills, you can test try your hands at this business. You should also advertise your services to your loved ones, neighbours and acquaintances. With a few excellent jobs, your business will grow via constant referrals.

9. Snail Farming

Few businesses require little capital and space as this venture. Besides, you can sell the snails at prices that ensure high profits. You can even use your backyard as a starting point for the business.

10. Driving School Business

Driving school Business is indeed one of the business ideas in Ghana. With many people interested to learn how to drive especially as various companies and establishments require this skill. If you are a good driver with excellent teaching skills, you can set up a driving school.
Before starting this business, you will need a few vehicles and proper certification from the required authorities in your location.

11. Livestock feed production

With the high rise in livestock farming, running a company that produces feed for livestock stands as a profitable idea. With this move, you will be catering to the needs of numerous farmers in your location.

12. Mini importation

With the rise in e-commerce, you can order gadgets, clothing, and accessories from foreign vendors at cheap rates and sell for a profit in Ghana. 
But before you choose the business, try to research hot selling items in your location.

13. Salons And Hairdresser

Looking good is good business so many Ghanaians troop these places for a hairdo or haircut. You’ll only need a good location, a well-equipped store, and expert stylists to get your business running.
This is indeed one of the best business ideas in Ghana.

14. Drycleaning business

You can also dry clean the laundry of people in your area. To add an edge, offer pickup and delivery services to your clients. This is among the great business ideas in Ghana with which you can tap into your and make money.

15. Catering Services

If you have great cooking and organizational skills, consider setting up a catering service. This is one of the top business ideas in Ghana which stands as a lucrative one due to the huge number of celebrations and events that occur daily.

16. Fashion Design

Many people are moving into this line of business because it is fun and lucrative nature. With proper advertising and raw talent, you can record huge profits. It is very popular with both the male and female folks and the earning power depends on how good your skills are in making designs people want. Definitely one of the top business ideas in Ghana.


Here we have it, some of the top business ideas in Ghana that will yield high profit and also bring solution to some of the problems people are having on a daily basis. 
However, do ensure you carry out proper research and analysis before choosing any o business ideas mentioned in this article.
Continue reading

Thursday, 16 January 2020

How To Start A Profitable Pig Farming In Ghana

Commercial pig farming in Ghana  is one of the top lucrative businesses to venture since the demand for pork in the country has been skyrocketed in recent years.

The demand for pig products like sausages and smokies are booming business in almost all urban areas in Ghana.
 If you are planning to start a profitable pig farming business, then you have come to the right place. Therefore take your time to read through the article.

Benefit of a Pig Farming in Ghana

The weather climates in Ghana are favorable for pig farming, and this among the many factors that have contributed to the interests of pig farming.

Here are some of the advantages derived from pig farming:
  • The reproduction time of pigs is less, and they tend to grow faster than other livestock.

  • The pigs tend to fatten more quickly by converting the pig feeds into proteins.

  • Pigs are omnivorous, which implies that they can consume almost all types of feeds like roughages, kitchen garbage, and agricultural waste, among others.

  • Pig investments are quite minimal when compared to chickens and cows.

  • Sows have the capability of giving birth twice a year to about ten piglets.

  • The return on investment of the pig farming in Ghana is quite high as compared to other countries.

  • The demand for pork in major urban areas of Ghana is quite high hence favoring pig farming business.

  • The level of unemployment in Ghana is quite high; hence, pig farming can be an alternative source of employment.

  • Pigs can be raised by any person regardless of their current profession since it does not require any form of training.

The Profitability Of Pig Farming in Ghana 

The demand for pork in different parts of Ghana is quite high.
Therefore Pig farming business in Ghana is a goldmine, and if you are planning to start, then this is the right time for you.
There are few pig industries across the country, and you will notice that the pig products are quite expensive.
If you happen to venture into this lucrative business, then you are likely to earn huge profits in the end.

How to Start a Commercial Pig Farming in Ghana 

Are you planning to start a commercial pig farming in Ghana? Well, it is good to note that this is not going to be a walk in the park.
You will need to consider many factors before starting to earn huge profits. You should also note that pig farming is a dirty job, but the profit are is mouth watering.
Here is a simple guide for pig farming in Ghana.

Locate a Suitable Farm:

You will need to select a suitable land for rearing pigs before purchasing them. The area located should be accessible to good transport, clean water and close to the market. 
Determine the size of land that you own since it will help you know the number of pigs to start raising. Ensure the pig farm is away from residential areas but close to the market centers.

Select Suitable Breeds:

There are plenty of pig breeds, but they tend to have different production scale. It is advisable to pick a pig breed that is highly productive to earn maximum profits.
Some of the most profitable pigs in Ghana are Large White, Landrace, Yorkshires, Duroc, and Hampshire pigs. You are required to conduct a thorough research about the pig before purchasing.
Here are some of the main things to consider:
  • A pair of bright eyes.
  • Glossy coat.
  • Alert and responsive to its surrounding environment.
  • Good temperament.
  • Good appeal to food.
  • Easy and normal movement.
  • Free from lameness or any other unnatural signs.
  • Avoid purchasing aggressive pig.

Feeding the Pigs:

Do you know how to feed pigs? Well, this is the first thing to put into consideration. Learn about the pig feeds since they play a vital role in their growth and development.
The good thing with pigs is that they have high feeds conversion.
Quality pig feeds ensure good production hence maximum profits. Pigs are omnivorous; therefore, they can feed on meat, grains, and plants. They eat almost everything.
Furthermore, it is advisable to include proteins and vitamins in their diet as well as other supplements that help to boost their immune system. Piglets are supposed to feed on foods that have higher proteins than adult pigs.

Pig Housing:

Pigs are powerful animals. You need to build a permanent house for them. The stable should be well ventilated to enhance the proper circulation of fresh air and also shade during high temperatures.
You should also note that young piglets are profoundly affected by cold temperatures while adult pigs by high temperatures. This is the reason why pig farming in some parts of Ghana does not thrive.
It is advisable to separate piglets from their mothers so that they can grow and mature faster. Ensure the sty is ever clean and dry to facilitate maximum health care.

Fertility of Pigs:

Breeding pigs is quite easy since they are ever fertile, and they tend to have a shorter gestation period when compared to cows. A sow reaches maturity after 8-9 months, and she has the capability of giving birth.
In a year, a sow is capable of giving birth twice to about 10-12 piglets. If you’re planning to start commercial pig farming, then it is advisable to start at a low budget.

Marketing of the Pigs:

Ghana has a massive demand for pig products as compared to other countries. Some of the ordinary pig products are Pork, Bacon, and Sausages, among others.
If you’re venturing in pig farming in  Ghana, then don’t worry about the market. You can sell your pigs to the nearest local market or direct to the Farmers’ Choice Industry nearby.

Types of Pig Farming  in Ghana 

Pig rearing in Ghana are dependent on the amount of capital an individual has at the disposal. The following are some of the standard methods practiced by many pig breeders in Ghana.

Free-Range Pigs Farming:

The system involves keeping pigs on a large farm where the primary feeds are the grass and Lucerne. Pigs raised on free-range tend to have tasty pork that has natural flavor.
You can supply the pigs with other supplements to ensure they get the required nutrients for faster growth and development. The system is cost-efficient for those breeders with a low budget.

Semi-Intensive Pig Keeping:

This farming system is suitable for those medium breeders. Here the pigs are enclosed in a semi-permanent structure, and they are provided continuously with feeds.
The farmer can get feeds from the farm and also from the market. They are also required to provide them with other supplements for faster growth and weight gain.
The rearing system is time-consuming, but the breeder has a direct connection with the market. The breeding system has huge returns when compared to other rearing systems.

Intensive Pig Rearing:

The system involves raising pigs in a close area in the form of a housing system. The method is suitable for those breeders with direct market connections or is interested in meat production.
The main aim of this system is to raise pigs for slaughter to cut off the cost of feeding. The pigs grow faster due to an adequate supply of food and other supplements.
However, the system requires a high amount of investments since the cost of supplement tend to be high. It is not a suitable pig rearing system for farmers with a low budget.

Types of Pig Breeds for Meat Production in Ghana 

There are plenty of pig breeds in Ghana according to the gestation period and amount of meat production. Here are some of the most famous pig breeds in Ghana for meat production:

1. Large White Pig:

2. Duroc Pig Breed
3. Landrace Pig Breed
4. Hampshire Pig Breed
5. Combrough Pig Breed

Challenges Facing Pig Farming in Ghana 

There are a lot of things that are facing the pig farming in Ghana industry.
This is the reason why the modern pig industry is not able to meet the rising demand for pig products.
Here are some of the common problems facing pig farming in Ghana:
  • The high cost of pig feeds
  • Lack of training institutes
  • Poor transport system
  • Religious barriers
  • Corruption and nepotism in farmer’s choice


If you happen to be a novice farmer, then it is advisable to start small instead of starting big. Pig farming in Ghana is a lucrative venture, and it usually requires a small piece of land to get started.
Locate where to purchase the pig feeds and supplements before venturing into the business.
You will be required to do thorough research about the market.
Continue reading

Top 8 Money Lending Apps In Ghana

Are you in need of cash for emergency use? Or you are looking for the best  lending apps in Ghana. Then look no further for you have reached the right place.

Do you want to pay for rent or you need money to support your business, whatever your financial needs might be, getting a quick loan at the right time is crucial.
These money lending apps in Ghana can only give you access to cash range depending on the amount you need to begin with. If you are looking for loans, you might need to look at these well researched money lending apps I have listed in this article.

Lists Of Top Money Lending Apps In Ghana

Today we will review these quick money lending apps in Ghana, stating their features which will guide you and give you options on which one to choose from when you are in dire need of a quick loan without collateral.
Please note that this list is for mobile money lending apps only and these apps are equally available in the various app stores. 

1. Paylater Loan App

The  Paylater App is one of the leading loan apps in Ghana, it’s easy to use and comes with lots of awesome features. Aside from getting quick loan in minutes; it in addition bestow you the opportunity of investing money which can yields an interest of up to 15.5%.
If you are looking for mobile money lending  apps in Ghana then Paylater might be your destination.

2. Quickcheck Loan App:

Quickcheck money lending app is a lending and credit system which is designed for small business enterprises and private individuals. According to QuickCheck platform, clients can receive instant and readily accessible funds for a period of either fifteen or thirty days without providing any collateral.
Loan from QuickCheck comes with interest at 1% daily for the number of days you will be holding the loan (30 days maximum).

3. Aella Credit Loan App

Aella Credit loan platform was launched to cater for employees of companies in their interest to access cash at the most competitive rates anywhere, but it has evolved into overtime to becoming one of the finest mobile money lending apps in Ghana. Today, individuals who may seek quick loans to meet their emergency needs can turn to Aella Credit.

4. Branch Loans App

The Branch Loan app is of the best money lending apps in Ghana that lets you apply for credit on the go, and it works 24/7 without collateral.
It is one of the fastest loan apps in Ghana. You can complete your application in seconds and receive your loan straight to your account. It’s fast, convenient and reliable.

5. FairMoney Loan App

Fairmoney Loan Is one of the latest quick money lending apps  In Ghana.
Fairmoney loan app provides quick cash for Personal finance, Health emergency, Car repairs, Rent payment and Buying consumer durable goods.
Their issue instant loans just like other mobile money lending apps in  Ghana are not backed by collateral, but instead by your creditworthiness.

In 5 minutes you can request for a Quick Loan to get an instant reply and funds transferred to your bank account.
FairMoney also provides education loan with the aim of enabling students to reach their goals in life.
A business loan is also available for small business owners who plan to start up a business or to develop an existing business.

6. Palmcredit Loan App

It is one of the popular money lending apps in Ghana that provides fast loan without collateral.
With Palmcredit getting a quick loan is simple.
PalmCredit Loan App revolutionalized the loan apps in Ghana using credit limit. You can apply for your credit limit in minutes, and then take as many instant loans as you need without further approval steps once you have not exceeded your credit limit.
As soon as you repay, your credit score is updated.
Palmcredit makes it easy for people to access a loan, anytime, anywhere.

7. KiaKia Loan App

Kiakia is relatively new among the mobile money lending apps in Ghana. Kiakia is a simple, entirely online lending platform that provides short-term loans in Ghana to help cover unexpected expenses or urgent cash needs.
With Kiakia you can apply for a loan 24/ hours a day, 7 days a week. The app comes with a quick application process that lets it know your status within minutes.
For mobile money lending in Ghana without collateral, fast and quick loans, download and apply for Kiakia loan app.

8. Fido Loans:
Fido Loan is an easy connect to cash that you can apply for an instant loan / emergency loan in ghana from your phone and get up-to 600 GHS within few minutes.

1. No collateral 
2. No guarantors 
3. Approval in minutes.


There you go! The list of the best money lending apps in Ghana.
It can be tempting to use a lot of them to get quick loans as you might need but you need to realize that lots can arise from being unable to pay back your at the stipulated time. So, make sure you can bay back before taking the loans.
It is wise to stay out of debt but if you know what you are doing debt can be used as leverage to achieve your financial goals.

Wrap It Up!

There you go! The list of the best quick loan apps in Nigeria.
It can be tempting to use a lot of them to get quick loans as you might need but you need to realize that lots of financial stress can arise from being unable to pay back your at the stipulated time. So, make sure you can bay back before taking the loans.
It is wise to stay out of debt but if you know what you are doing debt can be used as leverage to achieve your financial goals
Continue reading

Saturday, 21 September 2019

How To Start Profitable Snail Farming In Ghana

Snail farming in Ghana is one of the most lucrative agri-business ideas for young farmers in Ghana. Snail farming is a practical and viable business venture that is yet to be fully explored in Ghana.

Snail farming may not be the first thing that jumps to mind when thinking of profitable businesses to start in Ghana. This post will open your eyes to the amount of hidden-wealth that can be realized by starting a profitable snail farming in Ghana.

Why Snail Farming?

The market opportunity for snail farming in Ghana is huge but grossly underrated. Snails are a huge part of the diet in many parts of Ghana, although they are not always affordable and available all year round. If you rear snail in commercial quantity, hotels, and fast food restaurants will be your regular customers.

In Ghana, the prices of raw, matured snails go for $1 to $2 depending on the size. However, the annual demand for snail in Ghana cannot be overemphasized. The international trade in snails is flourishing. The USA imports more than $4million worth of snails annually from all over the world, including Ghana.

For many years now, snails handpicked from the farm or bush has been the only way to get snails to the market and dinner table. Currently, the demand for snail is higher than the supplies, an indication that the market potential of snail is inexhaustible, locally and internationally. Starting both small and large scale snail farming businesses in the only way to fill up the spaces between the demand for snail and its supply in Africa.

How To Start Snail Farming In Ghana

If it has worked elsewhere, it will work in Ghana.  Below are the five basic steps you need to follow to start a profitable snail farming business in Ghana.

Step 1 – Decide which species of snail to farm.

When creating a snail farm, you’ll have to use a single species of snail. Research has shown that snail species such as Achatina achatina are the best for warm climate regions like Ghana.

Step 2 – Set-up your housing.

Your snail housing must have enough space for your snails to graze freely. Overcrowding your snailery impedes the development of snails and therefore should be avoided. A well-spaced snail housing reduces the risk of disease outbreak caused by overcrowding.

Snails are good at escaping from where they are kept, so you should endeavour to construct escape proof housing. You can use a pen house that will be spacious and accessible with a soil depth of 10 inches and trees around it.

Step 3 – Purchase your snails

If you want to start a snail farm, you’ll need to get snails. After setting-up proper housing and farmland for the snails, it’s time to buy some fresh quality snails from the market or any farm. It’s always best to be able to examine the snails before you buy them so that you know they are healthy.

When you first start your snail farm, you’ll want to get healthy, fully grown snails that will lay eggs and help populate your farm. Look at the shell of the snail. If there is a lip, that means they are a fully grown snail.

Step 4 – Feeding and rearing of the snails

Snails are vegetarians and can be fed with wide varieties of foods such as cabbage, cucumber, mango, banana, eggplant, pear, tomato and paw-paw, cassava, okra leaves or lettuce. However, you can as well feed snails with pineapple, banana or paw paw.

Mating and laying eggs are a vital part of snail farming. Typically, mating occurs during spring and summer. As hermaphrodites, snails can fertilize each other as soon as they are mature enough. In order for the egg laying to go over smoothly, you should use high-quality soil with the right temperature and humidity.

Step 5 – Harvesting and selling of the snails

It is not economically wise to harvest your snails before it’s maturity, it has to be mature before harvesting. Do not harvest all the matured snails at once to sell in the market. It is important to keep few for breeding and to serve as base stock for your snail farm.

Snail has good market demand and price. You can easily sell the snails in the local market. Snail meat consuming rate is growing very fast around the globe. So, exporting in the international market can make you more money.

Cost of Starting A Snail Farming In Ghana

The mandatory expenses you need to account for if you’re wondering how to set up a snail farm include: housing, buying fresh snails, feeding, handling and processing the snails, marketing, and transportation.

You can start the business with $200 or $1000 depending on how large you want your snail farm to be. Asides the amount of your investment, it is possible to produce 1,000,000 snails now worth more than $100,000 twice a year.

This is made possible because of the availability of very highly prolific Achatina achatina species of snails, which lay 200 – 400 in one batch two-three times a year. If you produce 100,000 snails that sell for  $1 each, which is $1 X 100,000, you will be making $100,000. You will be making $100,000 per annum or more than that if you produce 1,000,000 snails.

For beginners, creating a snail farming business plan is a crucial step that needs to be accomplished before starting. This will give you a deep understanding of everything that needs to be done.


In terms of cost and time, snail farming in Ghana is a low-risk business. Unlike many other livestock businesses, snail farming requires very little startup and operating costs. You can even set up your snail farm at the backyard of your house to save cost on the purchase of farmland.

The best time to start up a snail farming in Ghana is the rainy season especially from July to October because that is the time snails normally start to breed. You should also note that prices of snails multiply during scarcity between March and December, which is the dry season.
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Tuesday, 13 August 2019

How To Start Goat Farming In Kenya (Best Guide)

Goat farming in Kenya is a good agricultural business, they are less expensive than cattle to maintain and can bring you lots of money if you know your markets very well.

They are highly strong resistant animals that can withstand any climate. Since they are ruminants like cattle, the feed mostly on roughages examples are grasses, brouse plant, and fodder plants. A full market size goat can be sold from ksh20,000 and above.

This, however, depends on your location and festive seasons. Goats reproduce twin or triplets twice a year which is good for business.

Therefore if you are looking for an animal rearing business in Kenya which can fetch you good cash without much stress, then take a look at Goat Farming.

Goats are mainly reared for meat, milk and hide and skin. The milk from the goat is the richest of all milk produced. Breeds of goats that can be found include:

1. Nnadi
2.  Angora
3. west African long-legged goat
4. West African dwarf goat
5. Bantu anglo-nubian
6. Alphine
7. Toggenburg
8. Nubian
9. Boer

Cost Of Starting A Goat Farm In Kenya?

Compared to rearing other livestock, goat farming business requires little or less capital .

You don’t need millions of Kenyan shillings to set up a goat farm, unless if you want to make it larger. But nevertheless , you can set up your goat farming business with not so much amount.

Just bear in mind that you are setting up a commercial goat farming. When you’re in the business, as profits flows in, you can then put in more goats.

Common Terms Used In Goat Farming In Kenya                    
A. Buck (Billy) – Adult male goat

B. Doe (Nanny) – Adult female goat

C. Wether – A castrated male goat

D. Chevon – Meat of goat

Benefits Of Goat Farming In Kenya:

1. Used for meat production;
2. Used for skin production
3. Used for milk production
4. Creates employment
5. Serves as an income generation

Thing To Consider Vefore Venturing Into Goat Farming In Kenya

1. The Management of Goat:

Management is very important. The management of goat from breeding to market weight or size is grouped into three phases these are;

2. Breeding:

Buck and doe are meant for breeding, they are kept in a building which is well ventilated. The buck and doe should be at least 12 months of age before they are used for breeding. Seven to 10 days before mating, the doe should be given a high plane of nutrition in order to increase the number of eggs ovulated, and consequently, increase the number of kids to be given birth to.

3. Kidding To Weaning:

When the kid is born the mucus membrane should is wiped off from their nose to enhance normal breathing and prevent suffocation. The navel cord which can break off on its own is dipped into iodine solution to prevent infection and promote fast healing. The kids where possible should be helped to suck colostrum produced from the doe for the first three days after birth.

Weaning To Finishing:

The kids are weaned and separated from the doe about eight weeks of age. They are kept in the growing house from where they can go out to browse and graze on grasses and legumes. With housing, feeding and proper healthcare, the goat will be matured for the market.

System of Goat Farming In Kenya

You need to decide on the rearing system; they are three major systems

1. Extensive system:

Under this system, the goat is allowed to roam about in search of pasture and water. A goat can thrive on any edible material and browses even in extreme condition of drought and rain.

2. Semi-intensive system:

Under this system, goats are provided with the house which protects them against adverse weather conditions like heat, cold, rain etc.

3. Intensive System:

Under this system, goats are confined within the stall in a building with limited access to grazing. Grasses, water, medications are supplied daily to the goats.

How To Start A Goat Farming Business In Kenya

1. Set Your Goat Farming Business Plan:

 A good business should have a business plan. These assist you to pinpoint things you should do to improve your goat farm. Alongside, you should have record keeping if need maybe, it should document what has been sold, purchased. To know when you are gaining or losing.

2. Make Your Research:

When setting up your goat rearing business, you should determine the main reason why you are rearing goat; are you rearing them for meat, for milk, or for their skin?

Make a market research of the one that has a high demand and will also profit you more and go into it.

3. Location Of The Goat Farm:

When you want to get a land for your goat farming, select a location that is good for pasture or grazing.

Make sure the land is not far from town or market for easy access. If possible, let there be a market near the farm land, so you can have easy access to get any types of equipments you might need.

4. Housing;

When building a pen for your goat, build one that will shed them from rain and the sun. You can put electricity if need may be. The shed should be well fenced to prevent thief and burglaries.

Also, the pen should be clean, should be free from dampness and well it should be well ventilated.

The goat pens should also be free from pest and rodents. You should always use fresh hay or straw for bedding. Initiate activities like introducing toys or so your goats can move around. This also helps in making them healthy and active.

5. Feeding:

If you want a healthy goat, you need to give it quality feed, goats mainly feed on roughages that is grasses, bruise plants and fodder plants.

6. Health Care And Sanitation Of The Goats

Proper routine measures should be done for the healthy living of the goats. The stalls and pens of the goat should be cleaned regularly.

Common diseases: anthrax, brucellosis, tuberculosis, rinderpest and red water fever. Drugs and vaccine should be administered at the appropriate time to prevent the outbreak of these diseases.

7. Employ Assistants:

Goat farming on a large scale cannot be looked by one person alone, employ people to help in the management if need be.

8. Always Visit a Vertinary:

In the event of the goats being sick, a veterinary doctor can always be of great help.

With the help of a veterinary, you will know the right nutrient, mineral or medicine that will be administered to your goat that will maximum your profit and also you can learn new tips from them.

If you want to do it yourself be cautioned that you might lose quite a number of goats in the process.

9. Goats Maturation:

This is the process of goats becoming mature. In goat, puberty age is between six and 12 month, some breeds maybe more than or maybe less.

Sometimes, nutrients can also contribute to this. You should note that female goats (doe) go into estrus every 21 days for three to 50 hours.

At this stage, some enough natural mating can begin. But since the advance of technology, some modern farmers practices artificial insemination. It is said that it allocates straight forward entrance to a wide variety of bloodlines.

10. Marketing Your Goats:

Before you fully start your own goat farming in Kenya, you should make a market research to know how much others are selling in the market so you’ll have a better understanding of goat business in your area and so that you won’t sell your goat below the market price.

These are everything you need to know on how to start a profitable goat farming business in Kenya, if you have a question kindly drop it in the comment section below.
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Requirement To Start Cabbage Farming In Kenya

Cabbage farming in Kenya is not yet very popular  because of the belief that it will not do well except in a place like certain parts.

But quite recently a group of aggressive farmers have come out to prove this notion wrong.

There are few farmers that have actually experimented on it and have proven it to be true, cabbage farming can be planted anywhere in Kenya with optimum success.

Cabbage is a leafy vegetable from the family of Brassica. It is the head that is mostly eaten while the leaves are either cut out (dispose), use for compost manure, use in the feeding of animals etc. It grows better in a cool moist environment; the temperature is between 55-60 F. They are some species that accepts temperature within 20-25F.

In Kenya, for you to find out or know exactly if cabbage consumption is high, is during festive periods such Christmas, Sallah etc.

Cabbage is mostly used in salad preparation, food decoration, vegetables for soup/pottage and can as well be eaten raw. It contains calcium which is very good for human health. They are very helpful in the development of snails.

How To Start Cabbage Farming In Kenya

In this article we shall be looking at the kind of soil good for cabbage farming in Kenya, when to irrigate, pest and disease control, weeding, harvesting and marketability.

Techniques Of Cabbage Farming In Kenya

1. Chose sandy-loam soil rich in organic matter.

2. Plant when the weather is favourable mostly during raining season.

3. First of all plant them in a nursery before transferring to the main field.

4. Use a very good variety as this can make or break your success.

5. At best plant hybrid cabbage for better yield, quick maturity and disease/pest resistance.

6. Apply fertilizer at every stage of their development, organic manure is preferable.

7. Harvest early to avoid yellowing or botching of the leaves

Land Preparation

Cabbage can be grow on any soil but a well compost sandy-loam is preferable for their utmost performance. Get a land and clear it from every weed and shrub that are not needed.

Use tractor to loosen the land (for a large farm, otherwise shovel can be used on a small farm) if the soil is very hard it can be ploughed for about 3 times during the third ploughing animal dung should be added to the soil in readiness for planting.

Prepare bed for the seedlings by missing equal amount of soil with the organic manure to be used.

Planting The Cabbage

Dig a hole of 2-3cm deep and insert 2 seeds inside and cover lightly. You can use nursery bags, sack bags and surface rubbers in raising the seedlings. Transplant the seedlings to the main field you are using for cabbage after 3-4 weeks. They should be 14-16cm high at this time or when they show 4-5 leaves.

The spacing should be 45cm apart and the rows 45-60cm apart. Their spacing also depends on the type of variety you are planting.

Early cabbage takes 50-70 days, mid-season cabbage takes 70-90 days while late season takes 90-125 days.

Prior to when you should plant the crop, water the beds vigorously to ensure that, there is enough moisture in the soil to establish the plant.

Transplant the seedlings in the evening or when the weather is cold in other to prevent them from scotch and shock from the heat.

The soil P.H should be between 6.5-7.5. Cabbage seed takes about 5-17 days to germinate, the germination days varies for different varieties.

Irrigation And Mulching Of The Cabbage Farm

Irrigation should be done on a regular basis as cabbage requires a minimum of 3.8cm of water on a weekly basis. Drip irrigation is highly recommended. Cabbage cannot withstand drought so if you cannot water the farm especially during shortage of rain or during dry season don’t bother starting cabbage farming in Kenya at all.

During the time of intense heat water them morning and evening every day. But you can select days to water them during raining season except it rains every day. When the plants are matured you stop watering in other to prevent botching.

Use compost to mulch the farm in other to keep the soil moist and to avoid excessive loss of water. It will also help in weed control and in the addition of nutrients to the soil.

Fertilizer Application

Cabbage plants are heavy feeders just like garden egg and onions as such manure should be applied at every stage of their development while being careful on the kind of manure to apply in those stages.

The first manure you applied during soil preparation should be heavy (plenty). After 3 weeks of transplanting you apply and also apply again when the start bringing out new leaves.

Finally, apply manure when the start developing heads so that they can form well such that will carry them until harvest. The manure to apply at this time should have more of potassium because they are good in plant formations.

Pests And Disease Of Cabbage

The commonest pests are cabbage white, flea beetles, maggots, imported cabbage worms, loopers etc.

While the commonest diseases are Fusarium yellows, club root, black speck, rot; fungal disease that builds in the soil.

Solution To Control Cabbage Pests And Disease

Plant resistant variety and practice crop rotation.Splitting; this can occur after heavy down pour or when irrigation is done immediately after serious stress from drought. To salvage the situation cut some of the roots from one side about 25cm into the soil from the base of the plant using a spade.

Another reason for splitting is when they are overcrowded, so, by all means, give good spacing to the plant.

Varieties Of Cabbage In Kenya

We have the early season varieties, mid-season varieties and the late season varieties.

Most importantly are the hybrid varieties such as Thai cabbage, F1 cabbage from Technism etc. They can be harvested in a shorter time some 2 months or so, can withstand harsh conditions and can resist some diseases like the Fusarium etc.

Others Are:

Kaitlin; it forms smallish green heads.
Danish ball head; it is for all-purpose
Storage No. H; it has beautiful deep green heads.
Chinese (Napa) cabbage 50-70 days
Speciality cabbage etc.

They all need a good amount of sunlight to grow, at least 6 hours in a day. Cabbage can be planted alongside cucumbers, beans, carrot but not with cauliflower, strawberries, broccoli or tomatoes.

Harvesting Of Your Cabbage

Cabbage is harvested when they are fully matured in other to stay longer in storage. They are not like pepper, eggplant and tomatoes that can be harvested before fully attaining formation. It is ready for harvest in about 2-5 months. The yield will depend on variety but a hectare can yield 70-80 tonnes or more if all agronomic conditions are fully applied.

Harvest them when the heads are fully matured and firm. Or when the heads are closed up and the leaves wrapped around them are still in good shape.

You can press the fruit with your hands to know if it is strong; a loose and soft head is yet to mature. If you allow the leaves to become yellowish or blotch it can’t stay long in the storage.

Use a knife to cut the head from the base of the plant and leave about 3 leaves that will help protect the head from bruises, abrasions or damage of any kind.

The remaining stem in the soil will continue developing while you keep on harvesting them just like in lettuce and waterleaf.

Wash them after harvest in other to remove insects and dirt before putting them away for storage.

Marketing The Cabbage In Kenya

Locate market men and women and sell to them. Let people around you know that you are into cabbage farming and you will see them coming down on their own to buy.

Sell to salad shops, supermarkets and shopping malls that are into foodstuff selling, hotels, restaurants etc.

Why You Should Venture Into Cabbage Farming In Kenya

1.It is very easy to plant and manage

2. It does not require huge capital to start, it can be planted anywhere; in the garden, backyard and in the field

3.You can lease land to cultivate them since it can be harvested within a year, you can then source for another place.

4. The demand for cabbage is high as such there is need to breach the gap

5. People are not many that are into farming cabbage for a commercial purpose.

6. cabbage farming In Kenya is highly profitable and lucrative. It is sold at a higher price than any other vegetable.

These are the step by step guide on how to start cabbage farming In Kenya, Drop Your Questions In The Comment Section Below.
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